- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 816163, 8 pages
Synthesis of Hyperbranched Polymer Using Slow Monomer Addition Method
Division of Biotechnology and Macromolecular Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628, Japan
Received 17 August 2011; Accepted 13 October 2011
Academic Editor: Eri Yoshida
Copyright © 2012 Toshifumi Satoh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. M. J. Frechet, “Functional polymers and dendrimers: reactivity, molecular architecture, and interfacial energy,” Science, vol. 263, no. 5154, pp. 1710–1715, 1994.
- C. J. Hawker and W. Devonport, “Design, synthesis, and properties of dendritic macromolecules,” ACS Symposium Series, vol. 624, pp. 186–196, 1996.
- F. Zeng and S. C. Zimmerman, “Dendrimers in supramolecular chemistry: from molecular recognition to self-assembly,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 1681–1712, 1997.
- K. Uhrich, “Hyperbranched polymers for drug delivery,” Trends in Polymer Science, vol. 5, pp. 388–393, 1997.
- O. A. Matthews, A. N. Shipway, and J. F. Stoddart, “Dendrimers—branching out from curiosities into new technologies,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 1–56, 1998.
- A. Huit, M. Johansson, and E. Malmström, “Hyperbranched polymers,” Advances in Polymer Science, vol. 143, pp. 1–34, 1999.
- F. Vogtle, S. Gestermann, R. Hesse, H. Schwierz, and B. Windisch, “Functional dendrimers,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 987–1041, 2000.
- N. Hadjichristidis, M. Pitsikalis, S. Pispas, and H. Iatrou, “Polymers with complex architecture by living anionic polymerization,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 101, no. 12, pp. 3747–3792, 2001.
- M. Jikei and M. A. Kakimoto, “Hyperbranched polymers: a promising new class of materials,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1233–1285, 2001.
- H. Frey and R. Haag, “Dendritic polyglycerol: a new versatile biocompatible material,” Reviews in Molecular Biotechnology, vol. 90, no. 3-4, pp. 257–267, 2002.
- C. Gao and D. Yan, “Hyperbranched polymers: from synthesis to applications,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 183–275, 2004.
- B. D. Mather, K. Viswanathan, K. M. Miller, and T. E. Long, “Michael addition reactions in macromolecular design for emerging technologies,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 487–531, 2006.
- T. Satoh and T. Kakuchi, “Synthesis of hyperbranched carbohydrate polymers by ring-opening multibranching polymerization of anhydro sugar,” Macromolecular Bioscience, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 999–1009, 2007.
- S. Peleshanko and V. V. Tsukruk, “The architectures and surface behavior of highly branched molecules,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 523–580, 2008.
- B. I. Voit and A. Lederer, “Hyperbranched and highly branched polymer architectures-synthetic strategies and major characterization aspects,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 109, no. 11, pp. 5924–5973, 2009.
- Y. H. Kim and O. W. Webster, “Water-soluble hyperbranched polyphenylene: a unimolecular micelle?” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 112, no. 11, pp. 4592–4593, 1990.
- C. J. Hawker, R. Lee, and J. M. J. Fréchet, “One-step synthesis of hyperbranched dendritic polyesters,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 113, no. 12, pp. 4583–4588, 1991.
- D. Halter, A. Burgath, and H. Frey, “Degree of branching in hyperbranched polymers,” Acta Polymerica, vol. 48, no. 1-2, pp. 30–35, 1997.
- D. Halter and H. Frey, “Degree of branching in hyperbranched polymers,” Acta Polymerica, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 298–309, 1997.
- R. Hanselmann, D. Hölter, and H. Frey, “Hyperbranched polymers prepared via the core-dilution/slow addition technique: computer simulation of molecular weight distribution and degree of branching,” Macromolecules, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 3790–3801, 1998.
- W. Radke, G. Litvinenko, and A. H. E. Müller, “Effect of core-forming molecules on molecular weight distribution and degree of branching in the synthesis of hyperbranched polymers,” Macromolecules, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 239–248, 1998.
- G. I. Litvinenko and A. H. E. Müller, “Molecular weight averages and degree of branching in self-condensing vinyl copolymerization in the presence of multifunctional initiators,” Macromolecules, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 4577–4583, 2002.
- K. C. Cheng, T. H. Chuang, J. S. Chang, W. Guo, and W. F. Su, “Effect of feed rate on structure of hyperbranched polymers formed by self-condensing vinyl polymerization in semibatch reactor,” Macromolecules, vol. 38, no. 20, pp. 8252–8257, 2005.
- Z. P. Zhou, Z. W. Jia, and D. Y. Yan, “Effect of slow monomer addition on molecular parameters of hyperbranched polymers synthesized in the presence of multifunctional core molecules,” Science China Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 891–897, 2010.
- L. Wang, X. He, and Y. Chen, “Diffusion-limited hyperbranched polymers with substitution effect,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 134, no. 10, pp. 104901–104909, 2011.
- P. Bharathi and J. S. Moore, “Controlled synthesis of hyperbranched polymers by slow monomer addition to a core,” Macromolecules, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 3212–3218, 2000.
- P. Bharathi and J. S. Moore, “Solid-supported hyperbranched polymerization: evidence for self-limited growth,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 119, no. 14, pp. 3391–3392, 1997.
- C. Gong, J. Miravet, and J. M. J. Fréchet, “Intramolecular cyclization in the polymerization of ABx monomers: approaches to the control of molecular weight and polydispersity in hyperbranched poly(siloxysilane),” Journal of Polymer Science, Part A, vol. 37, no. 16, pp. 3193–3201, 1999.
- A. Möck, A. Burgath, R. Hanselmann, and H. Frey, “Synthesis of hyperbranched aromatic homo- and copolyesters via the slow monomer addition method,” Macromolecules, vol. 34, no. 22, pp. 7692–7698, 2001.
- H. Magnusson, E. Malmström, and A. Hult, “Influence of reaction conditions on degree of branching in hyperbranched aliphatic polyethers from 3-ethyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)oxetane,” Macromolecules, vol. 34, no. 17, pp. 5786–5791, 2001.
- M. Rahm, R. Westlund, C. Eldsäter, and E. Malmström, “Tri-block copolymers of polyethylene glycol and hyperbranched poly-3-ethyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)oxetane through cationic ring opening polymerization,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part A, vol. 47, no. 22, pp. 6191–6200, 2009.
- T. J. Smith and L. J. Mathias, “Hyperbranched poly(3-ethyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane) via anionic polymerization,” Polymer, vol. 43, no. 26, pp. 7275–7278, 2002.
- T. Satoh, M. Tamaki, T. Taguchi et al., “Synthesis of novel hyperbranched polymer through cationic ring-opening multibranching polymerization of 2-hydroxymethyloxetane,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part A, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 2353–2365, 2011.
- A. Sunder, R. Hanselmann, H. Frey, and R. Mülhaupt, “Controlled synthesis of hyperbranched polyglycerols by ring-opening multibranching polymerization,” Macromolecules, vol. 32, no. 13, pp. 4240–4246, 1999.
- A. Sunder, R. Mülhaupt, R. Haag, and H. Frey, “Chiral hyperbranched dendron analogues,” Macromolecules, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 253–254, 2000.
- R. K. Kainthan, E. B. Muliawan, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and D. E. Brooks, “Synthesis, characterization, and viscoelastic properties of high molecular weight hyperbranched polyglycerols,” Macromolecules, vol. 39, no. 22, pp. 7708–7717, 2006.
- D. Wilms, F. Wurm, J. Nieberle, P. Böhm, U. Kemmer-Jonas, and H. Frey, “Hyperbranched polyglycerols with elevated molecular weights: a facile two-step synthesis protocol based on polyglycerol Macroinitiators,” Macromolecules, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 3230–3236, 2009.
- G. Rokicki, P. Rakoczy, P. Parzuchowski, and M. Sobiecki, “Hyperbranched aliphatic polyethers obtained from environmentally benign monomer: glycerol carbonate,” Green Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 529–539, 2005.
- M. Tamaki, T. Taguchi, S. Nakabayashi et al., “Hyperbranched 5,6-glucan as reducing sugar ball,” Polymer Chemistry, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 82–92, 2010.
- R. K. Kainthan, C. Mugabe, H. M. Burt, and D. E. Brooks, “Unimolecular micelles based on hydrophobically derivatized hyperbranched polyglycerols: ligand binding properties,” Biomacromolecules, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 886–895, 2008.
- T. Satoh, M. Tamaki, Y. Kitajyo et al., “Synthesis of unimolecular reversed micelle consisting of a poly(L-lactide) shell and hyperbranched D-mannan core,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part A, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 406–413, 2006.
- Y. Kitajyo, T. Imai, Y. Sakai et al., “Encapsulation-release property of amphiphilic hyperbranched d-glucan as a unimolecular reverse micelle,” Polymer, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1237–1244, 2007.
- Y. Kitajyo, Y. Nawa, M. Tamaki et al., “A unimolecular nanocapsule: encapsulation property of amphiphilic polymer based on hyperbranched polythreitol,” Polymer, vol. 48, no. 16, pp. 4683–4690, 2007.
- T. Satoh, “Unimolecular micelles based on hyperbranched polycarbohydrate cores,” Soft Matter, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 1972–1982, 2009.
- K. R. Kumar and D. E. Brooks, “Comparison of hyperbranched and linear polyglycidol unimolecular reverse micelles as nanoreactors and nanocapsules,” Macromolecular Rapid Communications, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 155–159, 2005.
- T. Satoh, Y. Kitajyo, R. Sakai et al., “Size-selective encapsulation property of unimolecular reverse micelle consisting of hyperbranched D-glucan core and L-leucine ethyl ether shell,” Macromolecular Symposia, vol. 279, no. 1, pp. 145–150, 2009.