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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 142595, 2 pages

Marine Propulsors and Current Turbines: State of the Art and Current Challenges

1Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
2Institute of Fluid Dynamics and Ship Theory, Hamburg University of Technology, Schwarzenbergstraße 95 C, 21073 Hamburg, Germany
3Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16804, USA
4CNR-INSEAN, Italian Ship Model Basin, 00128 Rome, Italy
5Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Pusan National University, Republic of Korea

Received 16 September 2012; Accepted 16 September 2012

Copyright © 2012 Yin Lu Young et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Over the last decade, significant advances have been made in the design and analysis of marine propulsors and current turbines. This special issue compiles 14 original researches and review articles that describe the state-of-the-art and current challenges on the design, numerical, and experimental modeling of marine propulsors and turbines.

One of the primary challenges with the analysis and design of marine propulsors and turbines is accurate prediction of hydrodynamic cavitation, which can occur in different forms and can lead to noise, vibration, erosion, and thrust/torque breakdown. The predictive capability of different cavitation models is compared in A. Ducoin et al. for simulation of unsteady sheet/cloud cavitation on a hydrofoil, and in M. Morgut and E. Nobile for quasi-steady cavitation on two model-scale propellers. In J. W. Lindau et al., a CFD approach is presented for the performance prediction of an axial flow waterjet over a wide range of flow coefficients and operating inlet total pressure, and they explained the mechanisms that lead to cavity-induced thrust breakdown.

In addition to cavitation, another challenge with marine propulsors and turbines is the need to properly align the trailing wake for general 3D geometry, and consider the influence of spatially varying inflow, gap flow dynamics in application with ducts, and rigid body motion in waves. In Y. Tian and S. A. Kinnas, an improved wake alignment model is presented for the performance prediction of marine propellers at low-advance ratios using a 3D panel method. In J. Baltazar et al., a 3D panel method is presented for the performance prediction of ducted propellers, and they also focused on the importance of proper trailing wake alignment, particularly near the blade tip region. In M. Greve et al., a viscous-inviscid coupling method is presented to efficiently capture the viscous flow response of marine propellers in spatially varying wake. Finally, in S. A. Kinnas et al., efficient numerical models are presented for the analysis of the hydrodynamic response of marine propellers undergoing surge and heave motions.

In addition to normal operations, we have also invited papers to discuss the performance of marine propulsors in off-design and extreme operating conditions. In H. Jang et al., the influence of the upstream hull body and duct on the unsteady loads of marine propellers in crashback was simulated using Large Eddy Simulation (LES). In L. Savio and S. Steen, full-scale data collected over one and a half year and a fuzzy logic analysis method are presented for the identification of ventilation events on an offshore supply ship.

Finally, in addition to conventional marine propellers, we have also invited special papers to address the design, analysis, and testing of advanced concept propulsors and turbines. In S. Brizzolara et al., a modified Lerbs theory is presented for the design of Counter Rotating Propellers (CRT) for high-speed crafts. In M. Altosole et al., a simple and effective approach is introduced for the design of marine water jet propulsion systems. In D. Bertetta et al., experimental and numerical analysis of unconventional Contracted and Loaded Tip (CLT) propellers are presented. In M. R. Motley et al., the dynamic scaling of the transient hydroelastic response and failure mechanisms of self-adaptive composite marine propellers are discussed. Finally, in M. Takao and T. Setoguchi, the status of the art and current challenges of air turbines for wave energy conversion is summarized.

We hope that these papers will enrich our readers about the state-of-the art and current challenges related to the design and analysis of marine propulsors and turbines, and inspire new methodologies and design concepts.

Yin Lu Young
Moustafa Abdel-Maksoud
Jules W. Lindau
Francesco Salvatore
Moon Chan Kim