About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 474639, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/474639
Research Article

Integrated Band Intensities of Ethylene ( 1 2 𝐂 2 𝐇 4 ) by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

Natural Sciences and Science Education, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Nanyang Walk, Singapore 637616

Received 22 June 2012; Accepted 22 July 2012

Academic Editor: Karol Jackowski

Copyright © 2012 G. B. Lebron and T. L. Tan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. A. Loroño Gonzalez, V. Boudon, M. Loëte et al., “High-resolution spectroscopy and preliminary global analysis of C-H stretching vibrations of C2H4 in the 3000 and 6000 cm−1 regions,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 111, no. 15, pp. 2265–2278, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. B. Abeles, P. W. Morgan, and M. E. J. Saltveit, Ethylene in Plant Biology, Academic Press, London, UK, 1992.
  3. H. Imaseki, “The biochemistry of ethylene biosynthesis,” in The Plant Hormone Ethylene, A. K. Mattoo and J. C. Suttle, Eds., pp. 1–20, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1991.
  4. S. Sawada and T. Totsuka, “Natural and anthropogenic sources and fate of atmospheric ethylene,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 821–832, 1986. View at Scopus
  5. C. P. Rinsland, C. Paton-Walsh, N. B. Jones et al., “High spectral resolution solar absorption measurements of ethylene (C2H4) in a forest fire smoke plume using HITRAN parameters: tropospheric vertical profile retrieval,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 301–309, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. J. Yokelson, J. G. Goode, D. E. Ward et al., “Emissions of formaldehyde, acetic acid, methanol and other trace gases from biomass fires in North Carolina measured by airborne Fourier transform infared spectroscopy,” Journal Geophysical Research, vol. 104, no. 23, pp. 30109–30125, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. P. F. Coheur, H. Herbin, C. Clerbaux et al., “ACE-FTS observation of a young biomass burning plume: first reported measurements of C2H4, C3H6O, H2CO and PAN by infrared occultation from space,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 7, no. 20, pp. 5437–5446, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. E. Stoiber, D. C. Leggett, T. F. Jenkins, R. P. Murrmann, and W. I. J. Rose, “Organic compounds in volcanic gas from Santiaguito Volcano, Guatemala,” Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 2299–2302, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. T. Kostiuk, P. Romani, F. Espenak, T. A. Livengood, and J. J. Goldstein, “Temperature and abundances in the Jovian auroral stratosphere 2. Ethylene as a probe of the microbar region,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 98, no. 10, pp. 18823–18830, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. C. A. Griffith, B. Bézard, T. K. Greathouse, D. M. Kelly, J. H. Lacy, and K. S. Noll, “Thermal infrared imaging spectroscopy of Shoemaker-Levy 9 impact sites: spatial and vertical distributions of NH3, C2H4, and 10-μm dust emission,” Icarus, vol. 128, no. 2, pp. 275–293, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. Bezard, J. L. Moses, J. Lacy, T. Greathouse, M. Richter, and C. Griffith, “Detection of ethylene (C2H4) on Jupiter and Saturn in non-auroral regions,” Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol. 33, p. 1079, 2001.
  12. B. Schulz, T. Encrenaz, B. Bezard, P. Romani, E. Lellouch, and S. K. Atreya, “Detection of C2H4 in Neptune from ISO/PHT-S observations,” Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol. 350, pp. L13–L17, 1999.
  13. W. C. Saslaw and R. L. Wildey, “On the chemistry of Jupiter's upper atmosphere,” Icarus, vol. 7, no. 1–3, pp. 85–93, 1967. View at Scopus
  14. A. Coustenis, R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath et al., “The composition of Titan's stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS mid-infrared spectra,” Icarus, vol. 189, no. 1, pp. 35–62, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. V. G. Kunde, A. C. Aikin, R. A. Hanel, D. E. Jennings, W. C. Maguire, and R. E. Samuelson, “C4H2, HC3N and C2N2 in Titan's atmosphere,” Nature, vol. 292, no. 5825, pp. 686–688, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Bar-Nun and M. Podolak, “The photochemistry of hydrocarbons in Titan's atmosphere,” Icarus, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 115–122, 1979. View at Scopus
  17. A. Coustenis, A. Salama, B. Schulz et al., “Titan's atmosphere from ISO mid-infrared spectroscopy,” Icarus, vol. 161, no. 2, pp. 383–403, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. J. Vervack Jr., B. R. Sandel, and D. F. Strobel, “New perspectives on Titan's upper atmosphere from a reanalysis of the Voyager 1 UVS solar occultations,” Icarus, vol. 170, no. 1, pp. 91–112, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. L. Betz, “Ethylene in IRC +10216,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 244, pp. L103–L105, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Cernicharo, A. M. Heras, J. R. Pardo et al., “Methylpolyynes and small hydrocarbons in CRL 618,” The Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 546, no. 2, pp. L127–L130, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Rotger, V. Boudon, and J. Vander Auwera, “Line positions and intensities in the v12 band of ethylene near 1450 cm−1: an experimental and theoretical study,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 109, no. 6, pp. 952–962, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. W. E. Blass, J. J. Hillman, A. Fayt et al., “10 μm ethylene: spectroscopy, intensities and a planetary modeler's atlas,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 47–60, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. C. Reuter and J. M. Sirota, “Absolute intensities and foreign gas broadening coefficients of the 111,10112,10 and 180,18181,18 lines in the v7 band of C2H4,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 477–482, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. J. Walrand, M. Lengelé, G. Blanquet, and M. Lepère, “Absolute line intensities determination in the v7 band of C2H4,” Spectrochimica Acta A, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 421–426, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Bach, R. Georges, M. Hepp, and M. Herman, “Slit-jet Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in 12C2H4: cold and hot bands near 3000 cm−1,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 294, no. 6, pp. 533–537, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. N. Jacquinet-Husson, L. Crepeau, R. Armante et al., “The 2009 edition of the GEISA spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 112, no. 15, pp. 2395–2445, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe et al., “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 110, no. 9-10, pp. 533–572, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner et al., “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 82, pp. 5–44, 2003. View at Scopus
  29. M. Dang-Nhu, A. S. Pine, A. Fayt, M. D. Vleeschouwer, and C. Lambeau, “Les intensités dans la pentade v11, v2+v12, 2v10+v12, v9 et v3+v8+v10 de 12C2H4,” Canadian Journal of Physics, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 514–521, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. I. Cauuet, J. Walrand, G. Blanquet et al., “Extension to third-order Coriolis terms of the analysis of v10, v7, and v4 levels of ethylene on the basis of Fourier transform and diode laser spectra,” Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 191–214, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. T. L. Tan, S. Y. Lau, P. P. Ong, K. L. Goh, and H. H. Teo, “High-resolution Fourier transform infrared spectrum of the v12 fundamental band of ethylene (C2H4),” Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, vol. 203, no. 2, pp. 310–313, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. B. Lebron and T. L. Tan, “High-resolution FTIR measurement and analysis of the v3 band of C2H3D,” Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, vol. 261, no. 2, pp. 119–123, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. G. B. Lebron and T. L. Tan, “Improved rovibrational constants for the v12 band of C2H3D,” Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, vol. 265, no. 1, pp. 55–57, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. G. B. Lebron and T. L. Tan, “The high-resolution FTIR spectrum of the v4+v8 band of trans-d2-ethylene (trans-C2H2D2),” Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, vol. 271, no. 1, pp. 44–49, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. R. C. Golike, I. M. Mills, W. B. Person, and B. Crawford, “Vibrational intensities. VI. Ethylene and its deuteroisotopes,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1266–1275, 1956. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. H. Kagann and A. G. Maki, “Infrared absorption intensities for N2O3,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 173–176, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. Georges, M. Bach, and M. Herman, “The vibrational energy pattern in ethylene (12C2H4),” Molecular Physics, vol. 97, no. 1-2, pp. 279–292, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar