- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

International Journal of Stochastic Analysis

Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 875908, 17 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/875908

## General Decay Stability for Stochastic Functional Differential Equations with Infinite Delay

School of Mathematics and Statistics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

Received 14 November 2009; Accepted 19 January 2010

Academic Editor: Nikolai Leonenko

Copyright © 2010 Yue Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

So far there are not many results on the stability for stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay. The main aim of this paper is to establish some new criteria on the stability with general decay rate for stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay. To illustrate the applications of our theories clearly, this paper also examines a scalar infinite delay stochastic functional differential equations with polynomial coefficients.

#### 1. Introduction

Stability is one of the central problems for both deterministic and stochastic dynamic systems. Due to introduction of stochastic factors, stochastic stability mainly includes almost sure stability and the moment stability. In a series of papers (see [1–5]), Mao et al. examined the moment exponential stability and almost sure exponential stability for various stochastic systems.

In many cases we may find that the Lyapunov exponent equals zero, namely, the equation is not exponentially stable, but the solution does tend to zero asymptotically. By this phenomenon, Mao [6] considered polynomial stability of stochastic system, which shows that solution tends to zero polynomially. Then in [7], he extended these two classes of stability into the general decay stability.

In general, time delay and system uncertainty are commonly encountered and are often the source of instability (see [8]). Many studies focused on stochastic systems with delay. Especially, infinite delay systems have received the increasing attention in the recent years since they play important roles in many applied fields (cf. [7, 9–13]). Under the Lipschitz condition and the linear growth condition, Wei and Wang [14] built the existence-and-uniqueness theorem of global solutions to stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay. There is also some other literature to consider stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay and we here only mention [15–17].

However, to the best knowledge of the authors, there are not many results on the stability with general decay rate for stochastic functional equations with infinite delay. It is therefore interesting to consider the stability of infinite delay stochastic systems. The main aim of this paper is to establish some new criteria for th moment stability and almost surely asymptotic stability with general decay rate of the global solution to stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay

where , and are Borel measurable functionals, and is an -dimensional Brownian motion. Without the linear growth condition, we will show that (1.1) has the following properties.

(i)This equation almost surely admits a global solution on .(ii)There exists a pair of positive constants and such that this global solution has properties where is a general decay function defined in the next section, namely, this solution is th moment and almost surely asymptotically stable with general decay rate.In the next section, we introduce some necessary notation and definitions. Section 3 gives the main result of this paper by establishing a new criteria for th moment stability and almost surely asymptotic stability with general decay rate for the global solution of (1.1). To make our results more applicable, Section 4 gives the further result. To illustrate the application of our result, Section 5 considers a scalar stochastic functional differential equation with infinite delay in detail.

#### 2. Preliminaries

Throughout this paper, unless otherwise specified, we use the following notation. Let be a complete probability space with the filtration satisfying the usual conditions, that is, it is right continuous and increasing while contains all -null sets. is an -dimensional Brownian motion defined on this probability space.

Let , , and . Let be the Euclidean norm of vector . If is a vector or matrix, its transpose is denoted by . For a matrix , its trace norm is denoted by . Denote by the family of all bounded continuous functions from to with the norm , which forms a Banach space. In this paper, always represents some positive constants whose precise value is not important. If is an -valued stochastic process on , for any , define . denotes the family of continuously twice differentiable -valued functions defined on For any define an operator by

where

If is a solution of (1.1), for any applying the Itô formula yields

where .

Let us introduce the following -type function, which will be used as the decay function.

*Definition 2.1. *The function is said to be the -type function if it satisfies the following conditions:(i)it is continuous and nondecreasing in and differentiable in ,(ii) and ,(iii), where ,(iv) for any and , .

It is is easy to find that functions and for any are -type functions.

For any and , define

and . Denote by the family of all probability measures on . For any and define

We also impose the following standard assumption on coefficients and .

*Assumption 2.2. *Let and satisfy the Local Lipschitz condition. That is, for every integer , there is such that
for all and those , with .

Let us present the continuous semimartingale convergence theory (cf. [18]).

Lemma 2.3. *Let be a real-value local martingale with a.s. Let be a nonnegative -measurable random variable. If is a nonnegative continuous -adapted process and satisfies
**then and is almost surely bounded, namely, , a.s.*

#### 3. Main Results

In this section, we establish the stability result with general decay rate for (1.1). This result includes the global existence and uniqueness of the solution, the th moment stability, and almost surely asymptotic stability with general decay rate.

In order for a stochastic differential equation to have a unique global solution for any given initial value, the coefficients of this equation are generally required to satisfy the linear growth condition and the local Lipschitz condition (see [18, 19]) or a given non-Lipschitz condition and the linear growth condition (cf. [20, 21]). These show that the linear growth condition plays an important role to suppress the potential explosion of solutions and guarantee existence of global solutions. References [16, 22] extended these two classes conditions to infinite delay cases. However, many well-known infinite delay systems such that the Lotka-Volterra (see [13]) do not satisfy the linear growth condition. It is therefore necessary to examine the global existence of the solution for (1.1).

It is well known for stochastic differential equations that the linear growth condition for global solutions may be replaced by the use of the Lyapunov functions [23, 24]. By this idea, this paper establishes the existence-and-uniqueness theorem for (1.1).

For , let and probability measures . Define as

where is defined by (2.5). Then the following theorem follows.

Theorem 3.1. *Assume that there exist positive constants , , , , and probability measures , where , such that for any and , the function satisfies
**
Under Assumption 2.2, there exists a constant such that for any , where , (1.1) almost surely admits a unique global solution on and this solution has the properties (1.2).*

*Proof. *For sufficiently small , fix the initial data . We divide this proof into the two steps.*Step 1 (existence and uniqueness of the global solution). *Under Assumption 2.2, (1.1) has a unique maximal local solution on (see [21]), where is the explosion time. If we can show , a.s., then is actually a global solution. Let be a positive integer such that . For each integer , define the stopping time
Obviously, is increasing and as Thus, to prove a.s., it is sufficient to show that a.s., which is equivalent to the statement that for any , as .

For any , define . Applying the It formula to yields
Note that by (2.5), for . By the Fubini theorem and a substitution technique, we have
Noting that , we have , which implies that for all ,
Hence, there exists
By (3.4) and (3.7), we have
Choosing sufficiently small such that , by (3.8) we have , which implies that as .*Step 2 (Proof of (1.2)). *Define
By the Itô formula and (3.2),
where
is a continuous local martingale with . Similar to (3.7), there exists
By (3.10), (3.12), noting that ,
By Lemma 2.3, we have
which implies the required assertions.

#### 4. Further Result

In Theorem 3.1, it is not convenient to check condition (3.2) since it is not related to coefficients and explicitly. To make our theory more applicable, let us impose the following assumption on coefficients and .

*Assumption 4.1. *There exist positive constants , , , , , and nonnegative constants , , , , , , , , , such that for any , ,
where , , , and .

We also need the following lemma.

Lemma 4.2. *Let . Assume that , are nonnegative constants such that , and where
**
then, there is such that for all ,
*

*Proof. *Noting that choose the constant such that
If we can show that for any , then the inequality
holds. Let This is equivalent to prove that

For all , there exists . By and , we have .

For all , there exists . To prove , we consider three cases of , respectively.*Case 1. *. By , we have and . Then there exists .*Case 2. *. By , we have and . Noting , we obtain .*Case 3. *. Without the loss of generality, we assume that . Obviously, on the derivative function has a unique null point . We can compute that
Since and , we know that
By (4.8) and (4.9), we obtain that . Then we have that for any , . The proof is completed.

For the purpose of simplicity, we introduce the following notations:

Then the following theorem follows.

Theorem 4.3. *Let Assumptions 2.2 and 4.1 hold. Assume that
**
where is defined by Lemma 4.2 except that is replaced by . For any
**
where
**
there exists a positive constant such that for any initial data , (1.1) admits a unique global solution on and this solution has the properties (1.2).*

*Proof. *Define for . Applying (2.1) gives
By (4.1) and the Young inequality,
Recall the following elementary inequality: for any and , , applying the Hölder inequality yields
By (4.2) and (4.17), applying the Young inequality and the Hölder inequality, we have
Substituting (4.16) and (4.18) into (4.15) yields
where
whose expression is similar to (3.1) and
in which
Let . Note that , , , , . By (4.13), we obtain that , and for all By (4.11) and (4.13), we have By (4.12) and (4.13), we obtain Choose sufficiently small such that
By (4.23) and Lemma 4.2, there exists a constant such that
By (4.19), (4.21), and (4.24), we therefore have
which implies that condition (3.2) is satisfied. By (4.20), (4.25), and the fact that and , applying Theorem 3.1 yields that there exists , such that for any , the desired assertions hold. The proof is completed.

#### 5. A Scalar Case

To illustrate the application of our result, this section considers a scalar stochastic functional differential equations

where for and , for and is an odd number, and . In this section, with and has similar explanation. Assume

in which , , , are nonnegative constants and . Define

It is obvious that and satisfy the local Lipschtiz condition. By (5.4), (5.1) can be rewritten as (1.1).

Choose the -type function . Let . It is obvious that and

which shows that .

By (5.2) and the Young inequality, we have that

which shows that condition (4.1) holds with

By (5.3) and the Young inequality, we get that

which shows that condition (4.2) holds with

By we have which implies . It is easy to see that , , , , and are positive, and , , , are nonnegative, where

By the parameters in Theorem 4.3, we can compute

In Assumption 4.1, the parameter is positive, so it is required that

Let

To apply Theorem 4.3, it is necessary to test that (4.11)–(4.13) are satisfied. This requires that

Obviously, (5.11) can be obtained from (5.14). By (4.14),

Thus, we have the following corollary from Theorem 4.3.

Corollary. *Let conditions (5.2), (5.3), (5.13), and (5.14) be satisfied, where , , and are given in (5.12). For any where and are given in (5.15), there exist , for any (5.1) has a unique global solution and this solution has properties
*

#### References

- D. J. Higham, X. Mao, and C. Yuan, “Almost sure and moment exponential stability in the numerical simulation of stochastic differential equations,”
*SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis*, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 592–609, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Mao, “Razumikhin-type theorems on exponential stability of stochastic functional-differential equations,”
*Stochastic Processes and Their Applications*, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 233–250, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Mao and C. Selfridge, “Stability of stochastic interval systems with time delays,”
*Systems & Control Letters*, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 279–290, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Mao, J. Lam, S. Xu, and H. Gao, “Razumikhin method and exponential stability of hybrid stochastic delay interval systems,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 314, no. 1, pp. 45–66, 2006. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - S. Pang, F. Deng, and X. Mao, “Almost sure and moment exponential stability of Euler-Maruyama discretizations for hybrid stochastic differential equations,”
*Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics*, vol. 213, no. 1, pp. 127–141, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Mao, “Almost sure polynomial stability for a class of stochastic differential equations,”
*The Quarterly Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 43, no. 171, pp. 339–348, 1992. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Mao and M. Riedle, “Mean square stability of stochastic Volterra integro-differential equations,”
*Systems & Control Letters*, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 459–465, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - V. B. Kolmanovskiĭ and V. R. Nosov,
*Stability of Functional-Differential Equations*, vol. 180 of*Mathematics in Science and Engineering*, Academic Press, London, UK, 1986. View at MathSciNet - J. A. D. Appleby and A. Freeman, “Exponential asymptotic stability of linear Itô-Volterra equations with damped stochastic perturbations,”
*Electronic Journal of Probability*, vol. 8, pp. 1–22, 2003. View at MathSciNet - K. Gopalsamy,
*Stability and Oscillations in Delay Differential Equations of Population Dynamics*, vol. 74 of*Mathematics and Its Applications*, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992. View at MathSciNet - X.-Z. He, “The Lyapunov functionals for delay Lotka-Volterra-type models,”
*SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics*, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 1222–1236, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - Y. Kuang,
*Delay Differential Equations with Applications in Population Dynamics*, vol. 191 of*Mathematics in Science and Engineering*, Academic Press, Boston, Mass, USA, 1993. View at MathSciNet - F. Wu and Y. Xu, “Stochastic Lotka-Volterra population dynamics with infinite delay,”
*SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics*, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 641–657, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - F. Wei and K. Wang, “The existence and uniqueness of the solution for stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 331, no. 1, pp. 516–531, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - S. V. Antonyuk and V. K. Yasinskiĭ, “Stability of solutions of stochastic functional-differential equations with Poisson switchings and the entire prehistory,”
*Cybernetics and Systems Analysis*, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 111–122, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - Y. Ren and N. Xia, “Existence, uniqueness and stability of the solutions to neutral stochastic functional differential equations with infintie delay,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 210, no. 1, pp. 72–79, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - S. Zhou, Z. Wang, and D. Feng, “Stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 357, no. 2, pp. 416–426, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH - X. Mao,
*Stochastic Differential Equations and Applications*, Horwood, Chichester, UK, 2nd edition, 1997. - L. Arnold,
*Stochastic Differential Equations: Theory and Applications*, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1974. View at MathSciNet - S. Fang and T. Zhang, “A study of a class of stochastic differential equations with non-Lipschitzian coefficients,”
*Probability Theory and Related Fields*, vol. 132, no. 3, pp. 356–390, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - X. Mao,
*Exponential Stability of Stochastic Differential Equations*, vol. 182 of*Monographs and Textbooks in Pure and Applied Mathematics*, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1994. View at MathSciNet - S. Zhou and M. Xue, “The existence and uniqueness of the solutions for neutral stochastic functional differential equations with infinite delay,”
*Mathematica Applicata*, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 75–83, 2008. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - V. B. Kolmanovskiĭ and V. R. Nosov,
*Stability and Periodic Modes of Control Systems with after Effect*, Nauka, Moscow, Russia, 1981. View at MathSciNet - X. Mao and M. J. Rassias, “Khasminskii-type theorems for stochastic differential delay equations,”
*Stochastic Analysis and Applications*, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1045–1069, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet