Table 4: Results from the analysis of physical examinations producing binary data.

TestPercentage agreementChi-squared value

Validity78.60035.703<0.001
Systems diagnosisIntra-rater82.10038.050<0.001
Inter-rater82.10041.600<0.001

Validity87.40030.782<0.001
ROMIntra-rater95.800393.950<0.001
Inter-rater92.100298.492<0.001

Validity75.90054.765<0.001
Special orthopaedic testsIntra-rater88.700185.337<0.001
Inter-rater88.100209.515<0.001

Validity81.70070.867<0.001
Pain response to SMTIntra-rater96.800510.596<0.001
Inter-rater98.300618.832<0.001

Validity56.1006.2910.012
Nerve ROM and sensitisationIntra-rater87.10076.582<0.001
Inter-rater66.9007.2040.007

Validity87.10031.546<0.001
StrengthIntra-rater97.300585.732<0.001
Inter-rater95.400476.739<0.001

Validity64.4000.7620.383
Joint assessmentIntra-rater85.90051.004<0.001
Inter-rater90.50043.990<0.001

Validity68.100320.182<0.001
Limiting factorIntra-rater88.9001795.945<0.001
Inter-rater87.0001549.903<0.001

ROM: range of motion; SMT: static muscle test.