Table 2: Primary goals of citizen science projects (adapted and modified from Wiggins and Crowston [1]).

ProjectURLPrimary goalDescription

Globe at Nighthttp://www.globeatnight.org/EducationLearning about light pollution with use of mobile phone or Web cam and internet connection.
Fossil Findershttp://www.fossilfinders.org/EducationLearning about Devonian Fossils through authentic inquiry-based investigation.
Bird Sleuthhttp://www.birds.cornell.edu/birdsleuth/EducationLearning about birds through inquiry-based investigation.
Missouri Stream Team Projecthttp://www.mostreamteam.orgConservationPromotes the formation of “stream teams” which monitor streams in their area.
What’s Invasivehttp://whatsinvasive.com/ConservationLocating invasive plants.
Shermans Creek Conservation Associationhttp://www.shermanscreek.org/ActionStarted to oppose the building of a power plant on local land, they now monitor the area and have regular talks.
ReClam the Bayhttp://www.reclamthebay.org/ActionPromotes environmental involvement by growing and maintaining baby clams and oysters to stock their local bay.
* Whale FMhttp://whale.fm/VirtualAsks participants to listen to and classify whale song.
* Galaxy Zoohttp://www.galaxyzoo.org/VirtualInvites participants to classify images of galaxies.
Pathfinderhttp://www.pathfinderscience.net/VirtualCollaborative online environment for citizen scientists.
Foldithttp://www.fold.it/VirtualProving human superiority at protein folding.

* Part of Zooniverse—https://www.zooniverse.org/projects —citizen science hub for virtual citizen science projects exploiting the human ability to spot patterns and classify data where traditional statistical analysis struggles.