839501.fig.001
Figure 1: A hypothetical trophic web with five species. Species 1 and 2 are “grazers” at the bottom level, which acquire nutrients directly from the environment and provide nutrients to species 3 and 5. Species 3, 4, and 5 form a dependent cycle, with 3 and 5 at the second level of the web and 4 at the final level.