Figure 4: Malaria life cycle model. The inner model of malaria transmission parameters is based on a diagram
and parameters from Smith et al. 2007 [97]. Parameter definitions:
R_{0} (basic
reproductive number) = ma^{2} bce^{gn}/rg, a (human feeding
rate): the number of bites on a human, per mosquito, per day, b (transmission efficiency):
the probability that a human becomes infected from a bite by an infectious
mosquito, c (transmission efficiency):
the probability that a mosquito becomes infected from a bite on an infected
human, g (death rate of
mosquitoes): expected lifespan of a mosquito in days: 1/g, m: ratio of
mosquitoes to humans, n (incubation period):
number of days required for the parasite to develop within the mosquito, 1/r: duration of
infection in humans. 
