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ISRN Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 801607, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/801607
Review Article

Food Analysis: Present, Future, and Foodomics

Laboratory of Foodomics, Institute of Food Science Research (CIAL), CSIC, Nicolas Cabrera 9, Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain

Received 12 September 2012; Accepted 24 October 2012

Academic Editors: A. Golcu, A. M. Haji Shabani, and I. Miksik

Copyright © 2012 Alejandro Cifuentes. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a revision on the instrumental analytical techniques and methods used in food analysis together with their main applications in food science research. The present paper includes a brief historical perspective on food analysis, together with a deep revision on the current state of the art of modern analytical instruments, methodologies, and applications in food analysis with a special emphasis on the works published on this topic in the last three years (2009–2011). The article also discusses the present and future challenges in food analysis, the application of “omics” in food analysis (including epigenomics, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), and provides an overview on the new discipline of Foodomics.