Table 3: Essential oils composition (%) of leaves, trunk bark, roots, and root barks of P. butyracea Sabine.

Harvest localityABB1B2NVPnPu
P.  butyracea partTBLLTBLTBLTBRRBLL
yield (×10−2%)
CompoundsKI%

Sabinene9680.1t0.1
oct-1-en-3-ol9780.1
6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one9820.1
Myrcene9911.40.1
p-cymene10190.1
Limonene1024t0.20.1
1,8-cineole10330.60.10.1t0.2
Linalool10960.13.11.01.40.10.60.91.0
n-nonanal11010.10.10.2
Terpinen-4-ol11750.10.1
Myrtenal1190t0.50.1
α-terpineol11910.10.1
Dihydro carveol11920.2t
trans-dihydro carvone1212t
trans-carveol12170.1
Neral12400.1
1-phenyl pentan-3-one12410.3
Geraniol12440.2
Chavicol12480.3
Carvacrol12970.10.22.10.2
α-cubebene13410.10.21.70.40.10.30.80.30.1
α-longipinene13620.40.1
Cyclosativene13630.30.1
clovene1365t0.1
-ylangene137021.10.10.10.38.3
-copaene13790.126.618.41.32.33.21.51.00.619.9
β-cubebene13810.36.20.10.30.11.6
cyperene13950.10.80.60.20.3
Isocaryophyllene14140.51.4
-caryophyllene141877.943.3656.436.447.872.8941.267.464.064.141.714.9
β-copaene14250.30.62.3
Aromadendrene143543.50.10.90.8
(Z)- -farnesene14440.10.67.70.10.5
-humulene14521.26.78.211.66.011.611.113.36.93.4
α-neo-clovene14540.30.30.40.3
Aromadendr-9-ene14630.40.30.10.1
Seychellene146712.00.20.20.1
α-acoradiene14680.40.30.7
(2E, 6Z)- -farnesene14720.512.6
ȣ-muurolene14750.10.80.10.20.20.20.7
9-epi-(E)-caryophyllene14760.30.10.80.50.5
β-selinene14820.10.30.91.8
ar-curcumene14860.10.53.70.30.20.12.4
ȣ-humulene14900.20.20.10.2
trans-β-guaïene14960.50.4
α-selinene14980.10.10.20.5
α-muurolene14990.10.40.5
(Z)-α-bisabolene15022.80.10.1
(E)-α-bisabolene15041.71.40.10.1
(2E, 6E)-α-farnesene15060.10.10.60.51.6
-curcumene15110.20.10.25.14.35.3
-amorphene15124.93.93.9
ȣ-cadinene15174.33.20.81.50.10.30.1
δ-cadinene15200.61.41.11.4
trans-calamenene15220.10.20.10.20.70.70.50.70.9
(E)-ȣ-bisabolene15280.10.50.20.30.6
Zonarene15320.20.10.30.21.99.9
Selina-3,7(11)-diene15420.60.10.1 0.40.10.12.713.3
Germacrene-B15460.21.10.10.20.10.25.113.5
1,10-decanediol15480.3
ȣ-calacorene15590.2
(E)-nerolidol15634.21.72.4
Caryophyllene alcohol15742.30.1
Caryophyllene oxide15810.34.21.90.81.17.30.41.10.83.02.9
Cedrol15990.10.20.2
Humulene epoxide II16080.60.20.30.90.40.30.70.5
1-epi-cubenol16260.10.30.30.7
Cubenol16370.20.20.2
α-muurolol16461.11.1
α-cadinol15590.3
Selin-11-en-4-α-ol16630.1
Cadalene16650.10.10.1
α-bisabolol16890.20.2
(Z)-trans-α-bergamotol16930.9
β-acoredienol17620.10.50.3
6,10,14-trimethyl pentadecan-2-one18400.10.5
Phytol19460.6
Palmitic acid196610.62.9
Oleic acid21363.3

Total98.395.796.199.588.597.687.394.993.697.491.885.2

A: Agbassa; B: Bakabaka; B1: Bassila1; B2: Bassila2; NV: Natitingou Ville; Pn: Penelan; Pu: Penessoulou; TB: trunk barks; RB: root barks; L: leaves; R: roots, KI: kovats index.
t = trace ( 0.1%).