Table 4: The change in Gibbs function in reactions with and without ATP.

NoReaction without ATP Δ r 𝐺 o without ATP, kJ/mol Δ r 𝐺 o with ATP, kJ/mol

( 1 ) Glucose + Pi = glucose6phos + H2O+11.62−24.42
( 2 ) Fructose6phos + Pi = Fructose16phos + H2O+12.79−23.25
( 3 ) Pyruvate + C O 2 , t o t a l = oxaloacetate + H2O+27.22−8.81
( 4 ) 2NH3 + C O 2 , t o t a l = urea + 2H2O+30.18−5.85
( 5 ) acetate + CoA = acetylCoA +H2O+33.21−2.82
( 6 ) Citrate + CoA = acetylCoA + oxaloacetate + H2O+36.61+0.58