Table 1: Water analysis (Thondi sea water, Tamil Nadu, India).

ParametersResult

Total dissolved salts (mg/L)30539 ppm
Electrical conductivity (micro mhos/cm)44910
pH7.06
Total hardness (CaCO3 equivalent)100 ppm
Calcium as Ca (mg/L)19 ppm
Magnesium as Mg (mg/L)12 ppm
Sodium as Na (mg/L)0
Chloride as Cl (mg/L)11400 ppm
Fluoride as F (mg/L)0
Free ammonia as NH3 (mg/L)0
Sulphate as SO4 (mg/L)6708 ppm