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ISRN Corrosion
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 914867, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/914867
Research Article

Potentiodynamic Polarization Behaviour of Electroless Ni-P-W Coatings

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India

Received 23 April 2012; Accepted 29 May 2012

Academic Editors: A. Y. El-Etre, A. A. Franco, A. Hermann, C.-H. Hsu, and A. Nahlé

Copyright © 2012 Supriyo Roy and Prasanta Sahoo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper deals with the synthesis of electroless Ni-P-W coatings on mild steel substrate followed by furnace-annealing process. Corrosion behaviors of the coatings after heat treatments at various annealing temperatures are evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization test using 3.5% sodium chloride solution. The electrochemical parameters, that is, corrosion potential and corrosion current density, are optimized for maximum corrosion resistance using Taguchi-based grey relational analysis, considering four coating parameters, namely, concentration of nickel, concentration of reducing agent, concentration of tungsten, and annealing temperature as main design factors. The optimum combination of these four design factors is obtained from the analysis. The analysis of variance reveals that the concentration of tungsten source and annealing temperature play the most important role on the corrosion performance of the coating. Effects of the operating parameters on microstructures, in terms of porosity formation, crystallization, phase transformation, grain growth, are investigated using SEM, EDX, and XRD techniques.