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ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 161565, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/161565
Research Article

Tooth Surface Loss and Associated Risk Factors in Northern Saudi Arabia

Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, P.O. Box 2014, Al-Jouf 42421, Saudi Arabia

Received 21 April 2012; Accepted 19 June 2012

Academic Editors: E. T. Giampaolo and G. V. Kulkarni

Copyright © 2012 Bader K. Al-Zarea. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To evaluate tooth surface loss (TSL) severity and associated risk factors in a representative sample of Saudi adults. Materials and Methods. Four hundred TSL patients (200 females and 200 males) participated in this study. Each patient completed a comprehensive questionnaire interview (using a modified Tooth wear Assessment Questionnaire) and then examined for the severity of TSL (using ordinal scale). Results. Seventy-five percent of participants demonstrated attrition, 90% had erosion, 15% had abrasion, and 95% had more than one type of TSL. The most common risk factors were consumption of acidic food/drinks (78%), parafunctional habits (70%), and unilateral chewing (50%). 77% of participants demonstrated grade 2 TSL. Males demonstrated greater TSL severity ( 𝑃 0 . 0 5 ). Age, systemic disease, number of remaining teeth, acidic food/drinks, bruxism/parafunction, biting objects, facial pain/tenderness, sour taste, exposure to dust, unilateral chewing, using dental abrasives, and brushing frequency/technique had significant relationship with TSL severity ( 𝑃 0 . 0 5 ). Conclusions. TSL has a multifactorial aetiology. Parafunction, gastrointestinal problems, and diet were the most common aetiological factors reflecting changes to stressful modern life-styles, eating/drinking habits, and behaviours. Gender didn’t influence the aetiology of TSL; however males demonstrated more TSL severity. Patients’ age had significant correlation to TSL severity.