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ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 620951, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/620951
Research Article

A Comparative Study of the Removal of Smear Layer by Two Endodontic Irrigants and Nd:YAG Laser: A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study

1Department of Endodontics and Torabinejad Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 817463461, Iran
2Department of Periodontology and Torabinejad Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 817463461, Iran
3Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 817463461, Iran
4School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 817463461, Iran

Received 25 March 2012; Accepted 27 May 2012

Academic Editors: Y. Abe and G. H. Sperber

Copyright © 2012 Seyed Mohsen Hasheminia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 17% EDTA, 5% maleic acid, and Nd:YAG laser on smear layer removal by SEM. Eighty single-rooted teeth were divided into three groups of 25 according to the final procedure for smear layer removal: irrigation by 17% EDTA or 5% maleic acid or Nd:YAG laser irradiation. The other five teeth was used as control. Roots were sectioned into buccal and lingual parts, and smear layer presence was recorded in the coronal, middle, and apical thirds under SEM. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, Friedman, and Wilcoxon tests. There was no significant difference between smear layer removal of 17% EDTA and 5% maleic acid. Nd:YAG laser showed the least effect significantly. The coronal part of samples was significantly cleaner than the middle, and the middle was cleaner than the apical section. 17% EDTA and 5% maleic acid were more effective in smear layer removal compared to Nd:YAG laser.