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ISRN Dermatology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 932163, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/932163
Clinical Study

The Vitiligo in Senegal

1Department of Dermatology, Aristide Le Dantec Hospital, BP 3001, Dakar, Senegal
2Department of Dermatology, Institut d’HygiΓ¨ne Sociale, Dakar, Senegal

Received 22 August 2011; Accepted 20 September 2011

Academic Editors: S. Husz and A. K. Kurban

Copyright © 2012 S. O. Niang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of our study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical aspects of vitiligo in the largest dermatology department of Senegal. A cross-sectional and descriptive study in a period of 5 months was performed covering all the vitiligo cases. Fifty patients were identified (26 women and 24 men). The mean age was 26.5 years. A family history of vitiligo was found in 11 cases and a psychoaffective disturbance in 6 cases. The clinical forms distinguished were generalized vitiligo ( 𝑛 = 3 3 ), localized vitiligo ( 𝑛 = 1 6 ), vitiligo universalis ( 𝑛 = 4 ), and segmental vitiligo ( 𝑛 = 1 ). The Koebner phenomenon was found in 7 cases. Associated diseases were atopic dermatitis ( 𝑛 = 2 ), contact dermatitis ( 𝑛 = 1 ), diabetes ( 𝑛 = 1 ), and Graves' disease ( 𝑛 = 1 ). The disgraceful character of Vitiligo was the predominance of generalized forms and the elective localization in sun-exposed areas. The family character, the psychoaffective disturbances, the Koebner phenomenon increased by the lifestyle and the itching dermatosis were the aggravating factors.