About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Dermatology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 271230, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/271230
Clinical Study

Anolunula in Fingernails among Patients Infected with HIV

1Department of Dermatology, SRMSIMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh 243001, India
2Department of Pediatrics, SRMSIMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh 243001, India
3Care Hospital, Hyderabad, India

Received 26 November 2013; Accepted 17 December 2013; Published 23 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Husz, J. C. Szepietowski, and J. F. Val-Bernal

Copyright © 2014 Pratik Gahalaut et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Fleckman, “Anatomy and physiology of the nail,” Dermatologic Clinics, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 373–381, 1985. View at Scopus
  2. D. A. de Berker, J. Andre, and R. Baran, “Nail biology and nail science,” International Journal of Cosmetic Science, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 241–275, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. E. Haneke, “Surgical anatomy of the nail apparatus,” Dermatologic Clinics, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 291–296, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. H. Kim and Y. S. Ro, “A clinical study of morphological alterations of lunula of fingernails in dermatologic patients,” Korean Journal of Dermatology, vol. 40, pp. 352–362, 2002.
  5. P. R. Cohen, “The lunula,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 943–953, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. R. Daniel III, L. A. Norton, and R. K. Scher, “The spectrum of nail disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 93–97, 1992. View at Scopus
  7. S. D. Kore, A. J. Kanwar, K. Vinay, and A. Wanchu, “. Pattern of mucocutaneous manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients in North India,” Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 34, pp. 19–24, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. B. Cribier, M. L. Mena, D. Rey et al., “Nail changes in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus: a prospective controlled study,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 134, no. 10, pp. 1216–1220, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. E. Chernosky and V. K. Finley, “Yellow nail syndrome in patients with acquired immunodeficiency disease,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 731–736, 1985. View at Scopus
  10. National AIDS Control Organisation, “Guidelines on HIV testing,” 2007, http://www.naco.gov.in/upload/Final Publications/Blood Safety/GUILDELINES FOR HIV TESTING.pdf.
  11. World Health Organisation, “WHO case definitions of HIV for surveillance and revised clinical staging and immunological classification of HIV-related disease in adults and children,” 2007, http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/guidelines/HIVstaging150307.pdf.
  12. K. Lewin, “The normal finger nail,” The British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 77, no. 8, pp. 421–430, 1965. View at Scopus
  13. S. Jerasutus, “Histology and histopathology,” in Nails: Therapy, Diagnosis, Surgery, R. K. Scher and C. R. Daniel III, Eds., pp. 52–75, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1990.
  14. R. P. R. Dawber, D. DeBerker, and R. Baran, “Science of the nail apparatus,” in Diseases of the Nails and Their Management, R. Baran and R. P. R. Dawber, Eds., pp. 1–34, Blackwell Scientific, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 2nd edition, 1994.
  15. V. N. Sehgal, A. K. Aggarwal, G. Srivastava, and K. Chatterjee, “Nail biology, morphologic changes, and clinical ramifications: part II,” Skinmed, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 103–107, 2011. View at Scopus
  16. D. Chi, J. Henry, J. Kelley, R. Thorpe, J. K. Smith, and G. Krishnaswamy, “The effects of HIV infection on endothelial function,” Endothelium, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 223–242, 2000. View at Scopus
  17. G. Barbaro and E. C. Klatt, “HIV infection and the cardiovascular system,” AIDS Reviews, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 93–103, 2002. View at Scopus
  18. B. D. Prendergast, “HIV and cardiovascular medicine,” Heart, vol. 89, no. 7, pp. 793–800, 2003. View at Scopus
  19. G. Barbaro, “HIV infection, highly active antiretroviral therapy and the cardiovascular system,” Cardiovascular Research, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 87–95, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. D. Samman and W. F. White, “The yellow nail syndrome,” The British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 76, pp. 153–157, 1964. View at Scopus
  21. M. Suzuki, A. Yoshizawa, H. Sugiyama et al., “A case of yellow nail syndrome with dramatically improved nail discoloration by oral clarithromycin,” Case Reports in Dermatology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 251–258, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Q. Li, A. J. Smith, T. W. Schacker et al., “Microarray analysis of lymphatic tissue reveals stage-specific, gene expression signatures in HIV-1 infection,” Journal of Immunology, vol. 183, no. 3, pp. 1975–1982, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Amer and F. F. Mostafa, “Importance of visible lunula in healthy and diseased fingernail plates,” Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 329–332, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus