Table 1: Descriptive statistics of the study population, Malawi DHS 2010.

CharacteristicsNumber (percentage)

Wealth Index
 Poorest4,539 (19.7)
 Poorer4,506 (19.6)
 Middle4,721 (20.5)
 Richer4,669 (20.4)
 Richest4,555 (19.8)
Mean age*28.1 (9.3)
Current marital status**
 Never married4,526 (19.7)
 Married/cohabiting15,445 (67.1)
 Widowed/divorced/separated3,049 (13.3)
Sex of household head
 Male16,770 (72.9)
 Female6,250 (27.2)
Region of Residence
 Northern4,189 (18.2)
 Central7,862 (34.2)
 Southern10,969 (47.7)
 Mainstream Christianity10,725 (47.0)
 Other Christianity9,559 (41.9)
 Islam2,530 (11.1)
Formal schooling
 None3,390 (14.7)
 Some schooling19,630 (85.3)

Number of women23,020 (100.0)

Standard deviation in parentheses. Some percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding of figures, and sample sizes for some subcategories may not add up to the total due to sample modifications (e.g., Section 2.2.6 on religion). Cohabiting women accounted for 8.5% of the sample, whereas the widowed, divorced, and separated accounted for 3.7%, 5.1% and 4.4% of the sample, respectively. Differences between wealth index and each of the independent variables were statistically significant ( ).