Table 2: The incidence of job-education mismatches among recent immigrants to Canada.

MalesFemales
Wave 1Wave 2Wave 3Wave 1Wave 2Wave 3

Overeducated76.2772.5170.3571.7668.8964.61
Justeducated8.029.189.6511.6911.7912.97
Undereducated15.7118.312016.5519.3222.42

Source: author’s calculation using data from LSIC. All statistics are population weighted using the LSIC sampling weights.