Table 7: The earnings impact of job-education mismatch by gender.

MalesFemales
OLSREBEOLSREBE

Years of required education0.100***0.0958***0.118***0.120***0.115***0.108***
(0.00994)(0.00789)(0.00961)(0.0110)(0.00973)(0.0122)
Years of over-education0.0132**0.0125*0.008930.0442***0.0386***0.0387***
(0.00628)(0.00726)(0.00794)(0.00893)(0.00811)(0.00883)
Years of undereducation−0.0324***−0.0405***−0.0411***−0.0111−0.00451−0.00138
(0.0113)(0.0122)(0.0133)(0.0105)(0.0108)(0.0113)
Age 0.0255**0.0367***0.01360.0547***0.0563***0.0586***
(0.0104)(0.0103)(0.0116)(0.0150)(0.0107)(0.0116)
Age square −0.000312**−0.000417***−0.000156−0.000712***−0.000718***−0.000763***
(0.000130)(0.000124)(0.000140)(0.000204)(0.000137)(0.000148)
Visible minority−0.162***−0.158***−0.146***0.05480.0722*0.0845**
(0.0338)(0.0367)(0.0374)(0.0369)(0.0406)(0.0422)
English/French is mother tongue0.165***0.182***0.164***0.168**0.153***0.179***
(0.0393)(0.0482)(0.0500)(0.0665)(0.0546)(0.0587)
Full time foreign experience0.0121−0.04740.02090.04490.04120.0549
(0.0412)(0.0526)(0.0549)(0.0359)(0.0391)(0.0407)
Foreign experience is recognized0.300***0.312***0.298***0.224***0.240***0.235***
(0.0297)(0.0339)(0.0354)(0.0382)(0.0419)(0.0459)
Married 0.04320.02840.0737−0.0103−0.0137−0.0147
(0.0422)(0.0433)(0.0449)(0.0423)(0.0432)(0.0461)
Part time−1.032***−1.048***−1.034***−0.935***−0.923***−0.958***
(0.0461)(0.0311)(0.0494)(0.0381)(0.0289)(0.0408)
Experience in Canada0.00414***0.00382***0.00575***0.00333***0.00338***0.00340***
(0.000286)(0.000249)(0.000707)(0.000403)(0.000330)(0.000690)
Education and recreational−0.0151−0.0716−0.0652−0.0922−0.123*−0.132**
(0.0903)(0.0799)(0.0824)(0.0570)(0.0630)(0.0668)
Fine art0.1730.1000.181−0.134−0.172−0.220*
(0.280)(0.145)(0.146)(0.143)(0.114)(0.116)
Humanities −0.0448−0.0378−0.00787−0.0880−0.0631−0.0204
(0.0889)(0.0993)(0.101)(0.0654)(0.0640)(0.0677)
Social sciences 0.00380−0.01200.000376−0.0942−0.0962−0.102
(0.0604)(0.0668)(0.0686)(0.0576)(0.0661)(0.0695)
Commerce −0.00254−0.004220.007410.01140.004940.00494
(0.0368)(0.0504)(0.0517)(0.0465)(0.0504)(0.0532)
Agriculture −0.147−0.107−0.0569−0.107−0.0739−0.00632
(0.0936)(0.114)(0.117)(0.107)(0.105)(0.109)
Engineering 0.03070.0001510.008560.002400.01080.0209
(0.0356)(0.0468)(0.0481)(0.0605)(0.0638)(0.0673)
Health 0.03410.07790.0478−0.0559−0.0879−0.114
(0.110)(0.114)(0.116)(0.0652)(0.0844)(0.0896)
Mathematics 0.199***0.184***0.199***0.178*0.158*0.137
(0.0617)(0.0651)(0.0667)(0.100)(0.0917)(0.0972)
Family class−0.120−0.145**−0.180***0.134**0.1120.0822
(0.0871)(0.0699)(0.0698)(0.0582)(0.0778)(0.0801)
Skilled workers−0.0555−0.0817−0.1030.07610.07140.0579
(0.0833)(0.0677)(0.0671)(0.0566)(0.0762)(0.0781)
Provincial nominees−0.240**−0.291*−0.330**0.2020.07800.0156
(0.122)(0.156)(0.163)(0.128)(0.184)(0.193)
Refuges −0.140−0.227***−0.248***0.03860.02100.0187
(0.0957)(0.0791)(0.0780)(0.0800)(0.0893)(0.0899)
Quebec0.03340.04090.0438−0.0757−0.0495−0.0549
(0.0385)(0.0455)(0.0480)(0.0499)(0.0499)(0.0532)
Ontario−0.00124−0.00943−0.00553−0.0803**−0.0727*−0.105**
(0.0300)(0.0358)(0.0381)(0.0401)(0.0394)(0.0423)
Western0.03350.03990.00106−0.0800−0.0804−0.0926*
(0.0418)(0.0464)(0.0495)(0.0506)(0.0510)(0.0543)
Atlantic0.337*0.277**0.214−0.00117−0.0723−0.0772
(0.174)(0.124)(0.154)(0.0739)(0.151)(0.168)
Constant4.316***4.248***4.248***3.148***3.166***3.254***
(0.223)(0.199)(0.226)(0.260)(0.223)(0.255)
Observations112008519251928911541464146
-squared0.3940.4190.3490.389
Number of id2224222419441944

Standard errors are in parentheses. *** , ** , * .