Table 4: Protectionism opinion—verification of trade theory predictions.

4.1—interaction effects, H–O model4.2—the effects of education per country size4.3—with activity sectors4.4—with comparative advantage index4.5—with comparative (dis)advantage

Probability55.38%55.4%55.79%55.44%55.44%
EDUYRS−0.024**−0.024**−0.018*−0.023**−0.023**
(0.010)(0.010)(0.010)(0.010)(0.010)
LGNIPC0.250***
(0.064)
EDUIPC−0.008***
(0.002)
EDUYRS high−0.023***
(0.002)
EDUYRS middle−0.008**
(0.004)
Industry0.049***
(0.015)
Agriculture0.117***
(0.039)
Service0.026**
(0.013)
CAI−0.001**
(0.000)
ADV0.012
(0.025)
DADV0.060***
(0.016)
Observations2315923159231592315923159
Pseudo -squared0.080.080.080.080.08

*Significant at 10%; **significant at 5%; ***significant at 1%. Source: see Table 2.
Robust standard errors in brackets.
All models 3.2 include dummy variables per country of residence.
All models include the same set of control variables not included in Table 3 (female, age, age2, upper class, lincome, attend religion, chauvinism, pride).