Table 1: Baseline characteristics of the study population, by gender*.

CharacteristicsMen ( 𝑛 = 1 8 7 9 )Women ( 𝑛 = 2 0 8 8 )

Age (years)44.3 ± 0.545.6 ± 0.4
Race/ethnicity (%)
 Non-Hispanic Whites953 (71.5)991 (70.0)
 Non-Hispanic Blacks373 (9.7)425 (11.5)
 Mexican Americans351 (8.5)436 (8.0)
 Others202 (10.2)236 (10.4)
Education categories (%)
 Below high school511 (17.9)560 (16.7)
 High school476 (25.5)510 (24.9)
 Above high school892 (56.6)1018 (58.4)
Smoking (%)
 Never smoker840 (45.7)1289 (58.7)
 Former smoker529 (27.2)403 (20.3)
 Current smoker510 (27.1)396 (21.0)
Alcohol intake (%)
 Nondrinker533 (24.5)894 (35.7)
 Moderate drinker663 (38.7)863 (47.3)
 Heavy drinker683 (36.8)331 (17.0)
Physical inactivity %1246 (60.3)1365 (59.5)
Body mass index (BMI) (%)
 Nonobese (<30 kg/m2)1270 (66.7)1313 (66.7)
 Obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2)609 (33.3)775 (33.2)
Systolic blood pressure (mm of Hg)123.1 ± 0.4119.1 ± 0.5
Diastolic blood pressure (mm of Hg)72.4 ± 0.469.2 ± 0.3
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)201.55 ± 1.12202.23 ± 1.03
Urinary bisphenol A (ng/mL)3.97 ± 0.213.90 ± 0.26
Diabetes (%)229 (9.5)238 (8.7)

*Data presented are numbers (percentages) or mean values ± standard error (SE), as appropriate for the variable.