Table 3: Mean values of environmental variables in the low disturbance (LDF), moderate disturbance (MDF), and high disturbance (HDF) forests in the Southern Scarp Forest Reserve.

Soil variableForest type
LDFMDFHDF

Base saturation (%)83.60a ± 2.2784.10a ± 3.2465.80b ± 1.21
Moisture (%)26.74a ± 0.5013.94b ± 1.0216.95c ± 0.60
Organic matter (%)7.05a ± 0.484.27b ± 0.883.10b ± 0.49
(%)0.51a ± 0.080.33b ± 0.040.26b ± 0.04
TEB6.37a ± 0.926.18a ± 1.042.55b ± 0.31
ECEC (me/100 g)7.50a ± 8.127.15a ± 0.983.82b ± 0.33
Exch. acidity1.13ab ± 0.060.98a ± 0.061.27b ± 0.12
Exch. Ca (me/100 g)3.64a ± 0.622.97ab ± 0.601.47b ± 0.17
Exch. K (me/100 g)0.36a ± 0.050.39a ± 0.040.15b ± 0.02
Exch. Mg (me/100 g)2.27a ± 0.382.74a ± 0.900.87b ± 0.13
Exch. Na (me/100 g)0.10a ± 0.020.09a ± 0.010.07a ± 0.01
Available K (ppm)105.50a ± 8.76112.40a ± 12.4067.20b ± 9.88
Available P (ppm)3.80a ± 1.9713.70b ± 2.445.20a ± 1.12
pH4.4a ± 0.064.6a ± 0.134.2a ± 0.14

Mean values within the same row that have different superscripts are significantly different ( ).