Table 3: Tissue Doppler echocardiography indices of groups.

Group 1 EmA (+) ( : 26)Group 2 EmA (−) ( : 49)Control

MV E′0.16 ± 0.03b0.16 ± 0.04d0.11 ± 0.01b,d<0.0001
MV A′0.10 ± 0.12b0.08 ± 0.07d0.04 ± 0.02b,d<0.0001
MV E′/A′2.37 ± 0.713.02 ± 4.633.31 ± 5.420.616
MV S′6.85 ± 1.32a6.65 ± 1.32c7.53 ± 0.49a,c0.033
MV IVRT 70.46 ± 24.35e58.96 ± 8.82e57.13 ± 2.89<0.0001
MV IVCT 66.96 ± 26.99a63.55 ± 21.11c52.13 ± 3.66a,c0.034
LV MPI1.02 ± 0.44b,e0.68 ± 0.25d,e0.56 ± 0.07b,d<0.0001
TV E′0.39 ± 0.95b0.19 ± 0.12d0.41 ± 0.02b,d<0.0001
TV A′0.14 ± 0.12a0.14 ± 0.110.11 ± 0.02a0.020
TV E′/A′1.30 ± 0.431.71 ± 0.921.34 ± 0.170.901
TV S′6.50 ± 1.567.12 ± 3.957.06 ± 0.590.115
TV IVRT72.35 ± 26.01a75.24 ± 26.80c47.13 ± 5.85a,c0.001
TV IVCT55.88 ± 15.3966.47 ± 18.8254.30 ± 1.660.715
RV MPI0.86 ± 0.27b0.77 ± 0.22d0.54 ± 0.02b,d<0.0001

aGroup 1 and control group statistically significant ( ).
bGroup 1 and control group statistically significant ( ).
cGroup 2 and control group statistically significant ( ),
dGroup 2 and control group statistically significant ( ).
eGroup 1 and group 2 statistically significant ( ).
IVRT: isovolumic relaxation time, IVCT: isovolumic contraction time, LV: left ventricle, MPI: myocardial performance index, MV E′: mitral valve early diastolic velocity, MV A′: mitral valve late diastolic velocity, MV S′: mitral valve systolic velocity, RV: Right ventricle, TV E′: tricuspid valve early diastolic velocity, TV A′: tricusp valve late diastolic velocity, TV S′: tricuspid valve systolic velocity.