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ISRN Materials Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 270987, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/270987
Research Article

New Polymeric Admixture for Cement Based on Hyperbranched Poly Amide-Ester with Pentaerythritol Core

1Polymers and Pigments Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
2Organic Chemistry Department, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
3Petroleum Application Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Nasr City, Cairo 11727, Egypt
4Department of Refractories, Ceramics and Building Materials, National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

Received 17 March 2013; Accepted 14 April 2013

Academic Editors: Y. Hiraoka, Y. Nakayama, and J. Provis

Copyright © 2013 Amal Amin Ibrahim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hyperbranched poly amide-ester (HBPAE) was synthesized by a solution condensation polymerization through one-step process using pentaerythritol as a central core and AB2 prepolymerized monomer which was rapidly prepared at room temperature (25°C) using commercially available maleic anhydride (MA) and diethanolamine (DEA) monomers in the presence of p-toluene sulfonic acid as a catalyst. The prepared polymer was characterized by GPC, IR, 1H-NMR, and thermal analysis (TGA and DSC). The influence of the polymer addition to the cement paste was investigated by measuring the effect of 1, 3 and 5 wt% HBPAE solutions on the properties of ordinary portland cement (OPC). Accordingly, several parameters were investigated such as water of consistency, setting times, bulk density, apparent porosity, compressive strength, and combined water content of the polymer/cement pastes. The SEM images proved that the incorporation of HBPAE with the OPC cement did not affect the chemical composition of hydrates, but it only affected the physical state, shape, size, morphology, and crystallinity of the formed hydrates. The results showed that the polymer addition to OPC pastes improved the physicomechanical properties of cement.