Table 1: DSC results.

Transformation temperatures (°C)
MfMsAsAf

43.6956.6253.4766.45

Note: for conducting the experiments, the temperatures are taken between 25°C and 85°C which are approximately derived from Mf of DSC −18°C and Af of DSC +18°C to ensure that the SMA spring has reached fully austenitic/martensitic condition.