Table 6: Comparison of cost elements and relative bottom line component cost: 1 = lowest cost; 3 = highest cost [7].

CostSSM formingDie castingSqueeze castingPermanent mould casting

Material2.511.251.25
Tooling1231.5
Capital1.211.21
Labor1.211.31
Heat treating1NA33
Machining111.22
Finishing11.512
Bottom line casting212.23