Table 4: Displacement ductility factor.

Sl. numberSpecimen IDDisplacement
Yield (mm)Ultimate (mm)Ductility factor

1O117.0402.35
2O216.0392.43
3SS115.0453.00
4SS214.5453.10
5E1113.0453.46
6E1212.0453.75
7E2111.0423.81
8E2211.5433.64
9E3112.5443.26
10E3213.5423.34