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ISRN Microbiology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 256261, 22 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/256261
Review Article

The Main Aeromonas Pathogenic Factors

Departamento Microbiología, Universidad de Barcelona, Diagonal 643, 08071 Barcelona, Spain

Received 2 July 2012; Accepted 19 July 2012

Academic Editors: P. Di Martino, S. H. Flint, and A. Hamood

Copyright © 2012 J. M. Tomás. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The members of the Aeromonas genus are ubiquitous, water-borne bacteria. They have been isolated from marine waters, rivers, lakes, swamps, sediments, chlorine water, water distribution systems, drinking water and residual waters; different types of food, such as meat, fish, seafood, vegetables, and processed foods. Aeromonas strains are predominantly pathogenic to poikilothermic animals, and the mesophilic strains are emerging as important pathogens in humans, causing a variety of extraintestinal and systemic infections as well as gastrointestinal infections. The most commonly described disease caused by Aeromonas is the gastroenteritis; however, no adequate animal model is available to reproduce this illness caused by Aeromonas. The main pathogenic factors associated with Aeromonas are: surface polysaccharides (capsule, lipopolysaccharide, and glucan), S-layers, iron-binding systems, exotoxins and extracellular enzymes, secretion systems, fimbriae and other nonfilamentous adhesins, motility and flagella.