Table 1: Different applications of probiotics in aquaculture.

ApplicationIdentity of the probioticApplied to aquatic speciesReference

Growth promoterBacillus sp. S11Penaeus monodon [21]
Bacillus sp.Catfish[22]
Carnobacterium divergens Gadus morhua [23]
Alteromonas CA2Crassostrea gigas [24]
Lactobacillus helveticus Scophthalmus maximus [25]
Lactobacillus lactis AR21Brachionus plicatilis [26]
Streptococcus thermophilus Scophthalmus maximus [25]
Streptomyces Xiphophorus helleri [27]
L. casei Poeciliopsis gracilis [28]
Bacillus NL 110, Vibrio NE 17Macrobrachium rosenbergii [29]
Bacillus coagulans Cyprinus carpio koi[30]

Pathogen inhibitionBacillus sp.Penaeids[18]
Enterococcus faecium SF 68Anguilla anguilla [31]
L. rhamnosus ATCC53103Oncorhynchus mykiss [32]
Micrococcus luteus A1-6Oncorhynchus mykiss [33]
Pseudomonas fluorescens Oncorhynchus mykiss [34]
P. fluorescens AH2 Oncorhynchus mykiss [35]
Pseudomonassp.Oncorhynchus mykiss [36]
Roseobacter sp. BS. 107Scallop larvae[37]
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, S. exiguous, Phaffia rhodozyma Litopenaeus vannamei [38]
Vibrio alginolyticus Salmonids[39]
V. fluvialis Oncorhynchus mykiss [33]
Tetraselmis suecica Salmo salar [40]
Carnobacterium sp. Hg4-03Hepialus gonggaensis larvae[41]
Lactobacillus acidophilus Clarias gariepinus [42]
Bacillus spp., Enterococcussp.Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis [43]
Lactococcus lactis Epinephelus coioides [44]

Nutrient digestibilityL. helveticus Scophthalmus maximus [25]
Bacillus NL 110, Vibrio NE 17Macrobrachium rosenbergii [29]
Carnobacterium sp. Hg4-03Hepialus gonggaensis larvae[41]
Lactobacillus acidophilus Clarias gariepinus [45]
Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11Solea senegalensis [46]

Bacillus sp. 48Penaeus monodon [19]
Bacillus NL 110, Vibrio sp. NE 17Macrobrachium rosenbergii [29]
Water qualityLactobacillus acidophilus Clarias gariepinus [45]
B. coagulans SC8168Pennaeus vannamei [47]
Bacillus sp., Saccharomyces sp.Penaeus monodon [48]

Lactobacillus delbrueckii Dicentrarchus labrax [49]
Alteromonas sp.Sparus auratus [50]
Stress toleranceB. subtilis, L. acidophilus, S. cerevisiae Paralichthys olivaceus [51]
L. casei Poecilopsis gracilis [28]
Pediococcus acidilactici Litopenaeus stylirostris [52]
Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11Makimaki[46]

Reproduction improvement Bacillus subtilis Poecilia reticulata, Xiphophorus maculatus [53]
L. rhamnosus Danio rerio [54]
L. acidophilus, L. casei, Enterococcus faecium, Bifidobacterium thermophilum Xiphophorus helleri [55]