About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Nanotechnology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 985834, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/985834
Research Article

Comparison of Straight and Helical Nanotube Production in a Swirled Fluid CVD Reactor

Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa

Received 25 October 2011; Accepted 5 December 2011

Academic Editors: C. A. Charitidis and Y. Yang

Copyright © 2012 Graham Bathgate et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. X. Zheng, M. J. O'Connell, S. K. Doorn et al., “Ultralong single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Nature Materials, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 673–676, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, and P. Avouris, Eds., Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structure, Properties, and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2000.
  3. P. J. F. Harris, Carbon Nanotubes and Related Structures, Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  4. M. Paradise and T. Goswami, “Carbon nanotubes—production and industrial applications,” Materials and Design, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1477–1489, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Dekker, “Carbon nanotubes as molecular quantum wires,” Physics Today, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 22–28, 1999. View at Scopus
  6. R. Martel, V. Derycke, C. Lavoie et al., “Ambipolar electrical transport in semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 87, no. 25, Article ID 256805, 4 pages, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. P. Deck and K. Vecchio, “Growth mechanism of vapor phase CVD-grown multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Carbon, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 2608–2617, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. B. Sinnott, R. Andrews, D. Qian et al., “Model of carbon nanotube growth through chemical vapor deposition,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 315, no. 1-2, pp. 25–30, 1999. View at Scopus
  9. N. Zhao, C. He, Z. Jiang, J. Li, and Y. Li, “Fabrication and growth mechanism of carbon nanotubes by catalytic chemical vapor deposition,” Materials Letters, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 159–163, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. X. Zhang, A. Cao, B. Wei et al., “Rapid growth of well-aligned carbon nanotube arrays,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 362, no. 3-4, pp. 285–290, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Ando, X. Zhao, T. Sugai, and M. Kumar, “Growing carbon nanotubes,” Materials Today, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 22–29, 2004. View at Scopus
  12. N. Inami, M. Ambri Mohamed, E. Shikoh, and A. Fujiwara, “Synthesis-condition dependence of carbon nanotube growth by alcohol catalytic chemical vapor deposition method,” Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 292–295, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. Ishigami, H. Ago, K. Imamoto, M. Tsuji, K. Iakoubovskii, and N. Minami, “Crystal plane dependent growth of aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes on sapphire,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 130, no. 30, pp. 9918–9924, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Foley, “Carbon Nanotubes: what are CNTs,” Carbon Nanotubes, 2006.
  15. L. Qingwen, Y. Hao, Z. Jin, and L. Zhongfan, “Effect of hydrocarbons precursors on the formation of carbon nanotubes in chemical vapor deposition,” Carbon, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 829–835, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. E. Iyuke, “A Process for Production of Carbon Nanotubes,” World Intellectual Property Organization, International Bureau, WO 2007/026213 A1, 2007.
  17. S. E. Iyuke, T. A. Mamvura, K. Liu, M. Meyyappan, and V. K. Varadan, Process synthesis and optimisation for the production of a clean, large quantity of single-walled carbon nanotubes, 2008.
  18. J. Bisquert, P. Ramirez, A. J. Barbero, and S. Mafe, “A classroom demonstration on air drag forces,” European Journal of Physics, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 249–252, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. F. Hoerner, Fluid-Dynamic Drag, Hoerner Fluid Dynamics, Brick Town, NJ, USA, 1965.
  20. B. W. McCormick, Aerodynamics, Aeronautics, and Flight Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1979.
  21. S. P. Sharma and S. C. Lakkad, “Morphology study of carbon nanospecies grown on carbon fibers by thermal CVD technique,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 203, no. 10-11, pp. 1329–1335, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. W. Li, L. J. Pan, D. P. Liu, and N. S. Yu, “Relationship between geometric structures of catalyst particles and growth of carbon nanocoils,” Chemical Vapor Deposition, vol. 16, no. 4–6, pp. 166–169, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Amelinckx, X. B. Zhang, D. Bernaerts, X. F. Zhang, V. Ivanov, and J. B. Nagy, “A formation mechanism for catalytically grown helix-shaped graphite nanotubes,” Science, vol. 265, no. 5172, pp. 635–637, 1994. View at Scopus
  24. W. Tang and S. G. Advani, “Drag on a nanotube in uniform liquid argon flow,” Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 125, no. 17, Article ID 174706, 8 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus