Table 1: Characteristics of international and finnish students participating in english language taught degree program at 10 polytechnic faculties of health care in Finland.

VariableInternational students 𝑛 = 1 4 8 Finnish students 𝑛 = 9 5 𝑃 1

Age, years
 Mean (range)27.6 (20–48)25.2 (19–53)<0.001
Gender, male % ( 𝑛 )33.8 (49)11.7 (11)<0.001
Resided in Finland, years
 Mean (range)3.5 (0–16)22.0 (1–42)<0.001
Education, % ( 𝑛 )<0.001
 Upper secondary47.7 (61)81.1 (73)
 Vocational16.4 (21)11.1 (10)
 Academic degree35.9 (46)7.8 (7)
Weekly working hours
 Mean (range)17.7 (0–40)11.3 (0–55)<0.001
English skills, %, ( 𝑛 )0.27
 Basic or intermediate18.0 (25)23.9 (22)
 Advanced82.0 (114)76.1 (70)
Finnish or Swedish skills, % ( 𝑛 )<0.001
 Basic52.2 (70)3.2 (3)
 Intermediate35.1 (47)3.2 (3)
 Advanced12.7 (17)93.6 (87)
Feeling satisfied with life during the past year, % ( 𝑛 )<0.001
 Very often or often57.0 (77)84.0 (79)
 Occasionally or never43.0 (58)16.0 (15)

1Differences between the groups were compared with 𝜒 2 test or Fischer exact test in categorical variables and Mann-Whitney 𝑈 -test for nonnormally distributed continuous variables.