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ISRN Nursing
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 402157, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/402157
Research Article

Burnout among Nurses in a Nigerian General Hospital: Prevalence and Associated Factors

1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, P.O. Box 31395, Ibadan, Nigeria
2Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, PMB 5116, Ibadan, Nigeria

Received 29 December 2011; Accepted 29 January 2012

Academic Editor: M. Estryn-Behar

Copyright © 2012 Victor Olufolahan Lasebikan and Modupe Olusola Oyetunde. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of burnout among nurses in a Nigerian general hospital. Methods. A total sampling method was utilized. Measurements. Burnout was evaluated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory; GHQ-12 was used to determine the presence of psychiatric morbidity. Results. A high level of burnout was identified in 39.1% of the respondents in the area of emotional exhaustion (EE), 29.2% in the area of depersonalization and 40.0% in the area of reduced personal accomplishment. Multivariate analysis showed that doctor/nurse conflict (OR = 3.1, 95% CI: 1.9−6.3), inadequate nursing personnel (OR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.5–5.1), and too frequent night duties (OR = 3.1, 95% CI: 1.7–5.6) were predictors of burnout in the area of EE, doctor/nurse conflict (OR = 3.4, 95% CI: 2.2–7.6) and too frequent night duties (OR = 2.4, 95% CI 1.5–4.8) in the area of D, high nursing hierarchy (OR = 2.7, 95% CI: 1.5–4.8), poor wages (OR = 2.9, 95% CI: 1.6–5,6), and too frequent night duties (OR = 2.3, 95% CI: 2.3–4.5) in the area of RPA. Conclusions. Prevalence of burnout among these nurses was high. The government therefore needs to look into factors that will enhance nurses’ recruitment and retention for effective health care delivery system.