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ISRN Nursing
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 750363, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/750363
Research Article

Gentle Human Touch and Yakson: The Effect on Preterm's Behavioral Reactions

1Faculty of Medicine, Kerman Medical University, Kerman 7616913555, Iran
2Razi Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman Medical University, Kerman 7616913555, Iran
3Research Center for Modeling in Health, Kerman Medical University, Kerman 7616913555, Iran

Received 14 March 2012; Accepted 8 April 2012

Academic Editors: R. A. Benkert and E. Kim

Copyright © 2012 Bahare Bahman Bijari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Touch is one of the first strong positive senses that develop in neonate. Therapeutic touch could be considered as a complementary treatment in Neonate intensive care units (NICU). Methods. This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the effect of Yakson and GHT on behavioral reaction of preterm infants hospitalized in NICU in south-east of Iran. 90 preterm infants participated in this study. They are randomly divided into 3 groups: (1) Yakson group, 𝑛 = 3 0 , (2) GHT group, 𝑛 = 3 0 , (3) control group, 𝑛 = 3 0 . Each infant received the GHT and Yakson interventions twice a day for 5 days. Each session lasted 15 minutes. The control group received routine nursing care. Results. In interventional group, an increase was found in sleep state score after the Yakson and GHT intervention. Their awake and fussy states' scores decreased after both interventions. No significant difference was found between Yakson and GHT group in their behavioral state scores. Conclusion. The findings suggest that Yakson and GHT had soothing and calming effect on preterm infants and could be beneficial in nursing interventions.