Table 1: Homogeneity test for general characteristics among the groups ( 𝑁 = 9 0 ).

CharacteristicsYakson ( 𝑛 = 3 0 )GHT ( 𝑛 = 3 0 )Control ( 𝑛 = 3 0 ) 𝑃
𝑁 (%) or 𝑀 (SD) 𝑁 (%) or 𝑀 (SD) 𝑁 (%) or 𝑀 (SD)

Sex
 Male13 (43.3)13 (43.3)13 (43.3)1.0
 Female17 (56.7)17 (56.7)17 (56.7)
Delivery type
 Nvd9 (30)8 (26.6)13 (43.3)0.35
 S/C21 (70)22 (73.4)17 (56.7)
Gestational age (week)31.70 (2.16)31.70 (1.74)31.33 (1.95)0.70
Birth weight (gram)1569.66 (315.98)1722.66 (450.24)1631.66 (407.36)0.32
Apgar score (5 min)8.7 (.98)8.3 (1.2)8.7 (1.11)0.22