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ISRN Nursing
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 769262, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/769262
Review Article

Organizational Interventions concerning Palliation in Community Palliative Care Services: A Literature Study

Danish Knowledge Centre for Palliative Care, Strandboulevarden 47 B, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark

Received 23 March 2012; Accepted 3 May 2012

Academic Editors: K. R. Shin and T. T. Wan

Copyright © 2012 Mette Raunkiær and Helle Timm. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Studies indicate problems between different professional groups working with palliative care and the organisation of palliative home care at nursing homes. The purpose of this study is to examine international experiences and cooperative development initiatives regarding the organisation of community palliative care services. Method. The study has been carried out as a literature study based on bibliographic searches in international databases with selected key words. Results and Conclusion. The study of the literature identified 19 studies described in 20 articles that relate to development efforts and interventions regarding the organisation of palliative care in communities. Nearly, all of the studies were based on health care professionals' assessments of users (the relatives). However, it is unknown whether or how patients and relatives experience a positive effect of the interventions. The literature study shows that it is a great methodological challenge to complete and evaluate studies concerning organisation and cooperation using methods that make the results useful for others.