Table 1: Comparison of mean suturing times in resident groups in laparoscopic and robotic surgery.

Laparoscopy (mean ± SD sec)Robot
(mean ± SD sec)
𝑃 value

PGY3
( 𝑛 = 4 )
1 5 8 ± 4 5 7 2 3 5 ± 3 3 7 0.5
PGY4
( 𝑛 = 9 )
4 5 7 ± 1 5 8 3 3 7 ± 2 3 5 0.02
All residents
( 𝑛 = 1 3 )
3 8 2 ± 1 5 9 3 2 6 ± 1 9 6 0.12

𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 : statistically significant.