Table 2: Comparison of suturing time between PGY3 and PGY4 for both methods combined.

PGY3
(mean ± SD sec)
PGY4
(mean ± SD sec)
𝑃 value

Laparoscopic and robotic suturing times combined 3 1 0 ± 9 6 3 9 3 ± 2 1 1 0.01

𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 : statistically significant.