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ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 616759, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/616759
Research Article

Postpartum Depression: Is Mode of Delivery a Risk Factor?

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Celal Bayar, 45030 Manisa, Turkey
2School of Nursing, University of Celal Bayar, 45030 Manisa, Turkey
3Department of Psychiatry, University of Celal Bayar, 45030 Manisa, Turkey
4Grand Medical Private Hospital, 45030 Manisa, Turkey

Received 12 November 2012; Accepted 3 December 2012

Academic Editors: H. Lashen, S. Palomba, and K. Yang

Copyright © 2012 Asli Goker et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There are various factors related to postpartum depression. In this study we have aimed to determine the effect of mode of delivery on the risk of postpartum depression. A total of 318 women who applied for delivery were included in the study. Previously diagnosed fetal anomalies, preterm deliveries, stillbirths, and patients with need of intensive care unit were excluded from the study. Data about the patients were obtained during hospital stay. During the postpartum sixth week visit Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) was applied. There was no significant difference between EPDS scores when compared according to age, education, gravidity, wanting the pregnancy, fear about birth, gender, family type, and income level ( ). Those who had experienced emesis during their pregnancy, had a history of depression, and were housewives had significantly higher EPDS scores ( ). Delivering by spontaneous vaginal birth, elective Cesarean section, or emergency Cesarean section had no effect on EPDS scores. In conclusion healthcare providers should be aware of postpartum depression risk in nonworking women with a history of emesis and depression and apply the EPDS to them for early detection of postpartum depression.