About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 616759, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/616759
Research Article

Postpartum Depression: Is Mode of Delivery a Risk Factor?

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Celal Bayar, 45030 Manisa, Turkey
2School of Nursing, University of Celal Bayar, 45030 Manisa, Turkey
3Department of Psychiatry, University of Celal Bayar, 45030 Manisa, Turkey
4Grand Medical Private Hospital, 45030 Manisa, Turkey

Received 12 November 2012; Accepted 3 December 2012

Academic Editors: H. Lashen, S. Palomba, and K. Yang

Copyright © 2012 Asli Goker et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. Sword, C. K. Landy, L. Thabane et al., “Is mode of delivery associated with postpartum depression at 6 weeks: a prospective cohort study,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 118, no. 8, pp. 966–977, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. S. J. Breese McCoy, J. M. Beal, B. Saunders, E. N. Hill, M. E. Payton, and G. H. Watson, “Risk factors for postpartum depression: a retrospective investigation,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 166–170, 2008. View at Scopus
  3. M. Chaaya, O. M. R. Campbell, F. El Kak, D. Shaar, H. Harb, and A. Kaddour, “Postpartum depression: prevalence and determinants in Lebanon,” Archives of Women's Mental Health, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 65–72, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Gonidakis, A. D. Rabavilas, E. Varsou, G. Kreatsas, and G. N. Christodoulou, “A 6-month study of postpartum depression and related factors in Athens Greece,” Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 275–282, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. American Psychological Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. DSM-IV-TR, Text Revision, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, USA, 4th edition, 2000.
  6. C. T. Beck, “Postpartum depression: it isn't just the blues,” American Journal of Nursing, vol. 106, no. 5, pp. 40–50, 2006. View at Scopus
  7. E. Robertson, S. Grace, T. Wallington, and D. E. Stewart, “Antenatal risk factors for postpartum depression: a synthesis of recent literature,” General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 289–295, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. L. Wisner, B. L. Parry, and C. M. Piontek, “Clinical practice: postpartum depression,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 347, no. 3, pp. 194–199, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Gauthier, F. Guay, C. Senécal, and T. Pierce, “Womens depressive symptoms during the transition to motherhood: the role of competence, relatedness, and autonomy,” Journal of Health Psychology, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1145–1156, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. A. Howell, P. Mora, and H. Leventhal, “Correlates of early postpartum depressive symptoms,” Maternal and Child Health Journal, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 149–157, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. L. Gao, S. W. C. Chan, and Q. Mao, “Depression, perceived stress, and social support among first-time Chinese mothers and fathers in the postpartum period,” Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 50–58, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Xiea, G. Hea, A. Liua, J. Bradwejn, M. Walker, and S. W. Wen, “Fetal gender and postpartum depression in a cohort of Chinese women,” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 65, pp. 680–684, 2007.
  13. S. Gürel and H. Gürel, “The evaluation of determinants of early postpartum low mood: the importance of parity and inter-pregnancy interval,” European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 21–24, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. P. Zelkowitz and T. H. Milet, “The course of postpartum psychiatric disorders in women and their partners,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 189, no. 9, pp. 575–582, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. L. Dennis and K. McQueen, “The relationship between infant-feeding outcomes and postpartum depression: a qualitative systematic review,” Pediatrics, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. e736–e751, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. S. Carter, F. E. Garrity-Rokous, R. Chazan-Cohen, C. Little, and M. J. Briggs-Gowan, “Maternal depression and comorbidity: predicting early parenting, attachment security, and toddler social-emotional problems and competencies,” Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001. View at Scopus
  17. J. L. Cox, J. M. Holden, and R. Sagovsky, “Detection of Postnatal Depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 150, pp. 782–786, 1987. View at Scopus
  18. N. Aydin, T. Inandi, A. Yigit, and N. Nalan Sahin Hodoglugil, “Validation of the Turkish version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale among women within their first postpartum year,” Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 483–486, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. V. Koo, J. Lynch, and S. Cooper, “Risk of postnatal depression after emergency delivery,” The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 246–250, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. V. Patel, M. Rodrigues, and N. DeSouza, “Gender, poverty, and postnatal depression: a study of mothers in Goa, India,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 159, no. 1, pp. 43–47, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Ministry of Health Turkey, The Guideline Regarding to Provide Health Services, Primary Care Services, Ankara, Turkey, 2001.
  22. A. Esen Danaci, G. Dinç, A. Deveci, F. S. Sen, and I. Içelli, “Postnatal depression in Turkey: epidemiological and cultural aspects,” Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 125–129, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Gulseren, A. Erol, S. Gulseren, L. Kuey, B. Kilic, and G. Ergor, “From antepartum to postpartum: a prospective study on the prevalence of peripartum depression in a semiurban Turkish community,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist, vol. 51, no. 12, pp. 955–960, 2006. View at Scopus
  24. I. Kirpinar, S. Gözüm, and T. Pasinliolu, “Prospective study of postpartum depression in eastern Turkey prevalence, socio-demographic and obstetric correlates, prenatal anxiety and early awareness,” Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 19, no. 3-4, pp. 422–431, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. I. Dindar and S. Erdogan, “Screening of Turkish women for postpartum depression within the first postpartum year: the risk profile of a community sample,” Public Health Nursing, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 176–183, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Lanes, J. L. Kuk, and H. Tamim, “Prevalence and characteristics of Postpartum Depression symptomatology among Canadian women: a cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, p. 302, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. M. Wilson, A. J. Reid, D. K. Midmer, A. Biringer, J. C. Carroll, and D. E. Stewart, “Antenatal psychosocial risk factors associated with adverse postpartum family outcomes,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 154, no. 6, pp. 785–798, 1996. View at Scopus
  28. A. Josefsson, L. Angelsiöö, G. Berg et al., “Obstetric, somatic, and demographic risk factors for postpartum depressive symptoms,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 223–228, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Ayvaz, C. Hocaoǧlu, A. Tiryaki, and I. Ak, “Incidence of postpartum depression in Trabzon province and risk factors at gestation,” Turkish Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 243–251, 2006. View at Scopus
  30. F. Uguz, K. Gezginc, F. Kayhan, E. Cicek, and A. H. Kantarci, “Is hyperemesis gravidarum associated with mood, anxiety and personality disorders: a case-control study,” General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 398–402, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/.
  32. T. Inandi, O. C. Elci, A. Ozturk, M. Egri, A. Polat, and T. K. Sahin, “Risk factors for depression in postnatal first year, in eastern Turkey,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1201–1207, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. “National study on Turkish Population and Health,” 2008.
  34. L. Tannous, L. P. Gigante, S. C. Fuchs, and E. D. A. Busnello, “Postnatal depression in Southern Brazil: prevalence and its demographic and socioeconomic determinants,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 8, article 1, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. M. Sylvén, F. C. Papadopoulos, V. Mpazakidis, L. Ekselius, I. Sundström-Poromaa, and A. Skalkidou, “Newborn gender as a predictor of postpartum mood disturbances in a sample of Swedish women,” Archives of Women's Mental Health, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 195–201, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. J. C. Eisenach, P. H. Pan, R. Smiley, P. Lavand'homme, R. Landau, and T. T. Houle, “Severity of acute pain after childbirth, but not type of delivery, predicts persistent pain and postpartum depression,” Pain, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 87–94, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. T. W. Goecke, F. Voigt, F. Faschingbauer, G. Spangler, M. W. Beckmann, and A. Beetz, “The association of prenatal attachment and perinatal factors with pre- and postpartum depression in first-time mothers,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 286, no. 2, pp. 309–316, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. A. M. Durik, J. S. Hyde, and R. Clark, “Sequelae of cesarean and vaginal deliveries: psychosocial outcomes for mothers and infants,” Developmental Psychology, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 251–260, 2000. View at Scopus
  39. D. Petrosyan, H. K. Armenian, and K. Arzoumanian, “Interaction of maternal age and mode of delivery in the development of postpartum depression in Yerevan, Armenia,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 135, no. 1, pp. 77–81, 2011.
  40. P. M. Boyce and A. L. Todd, “Increased risk of postnatal depression after emergency caesarean section,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 157, no. 3, pp. 172–174, 1992. View at Scopus
  41. I. Wiklund, G. Edman, and E. Andolf, “Cesarean section on maternal request: Reasons for the request, self-estimated health, expectations, experience of birth and signs of depression among first-time mothers,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 451–456, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. F. A. Carter, C. M. A. Frampton, and R. T. Mulder, “Cesarean section and postpartum depression: a review of the evidence examining the link,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 321–330, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus