About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 939762, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/939762
Clinical Study

The Adverse Impact of Maternal Obesity on Intrapartum and Perinatal Outcomes

Women’s Directorate, St George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw Road, London SW17 0QT, UK

Received 30 October 2012; Accepted 3 December 2012

Academic Editors: C. J. Petry and J. G. Schenker

Copyright © 2012 Dimuthu Vinayagam and Edwin Chandraharan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. World Health Organization, “Obesity and overweight,” WHO Factsheet 311, 2011.
  2. Office for National Statistics (UK ONS), “General household survey,” 2002.
  3. Office for National Statistics, “Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet,” ONS, London, UK, 2008.
  4. House of Commons Health Committee, “Obesity: third report of session 2003-2004,” 2004.
  5. N. J. Sebire, M. Jolly, J. P. Harris et al., “Maternal obesity and pregnancy outcome: a study of 287,213 pregnancies in London,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1175–1182, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. N. Heslehurst, L. J. Ells, H. Simpson, A. Batterham, J. Wilkinson, and C. D. Summerbell, “Trends in maternal obesity incidence rates, demographic predictors, and health inequalities in 36,821 women over a 15-year period,” An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 187–194, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Zhang, L. Bricker, S. Wray, and S. Quenby, “Poor uterine contractility in obese women,” An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 343–348, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Verdiales, C. Pacheco, and W. R. Cohen, “The effect of maternal obesity on the course of labor,” Journal of Perinatal Medicine, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 651–655, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. B. Babiychuk, R. D. Smith, T. Burdyga, V. S. Babiychuk, S. Wray, and A. Draeger, “Membrane cholesterol regulates smooth muscle phasic contraction,” Journal of Membrane Biology, vol. 198, no. 2, pp. 95–101, 2004. View at Scopus
  10. A. T. Moynihan, M. P. Hehir, S. V. Glavey, T. J. Smith, and J. J. Morrison, “Inhibitory effect of leptin on human uterine contractility in vitro,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 195, no. 2, pp. 504–509, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Y. Chu, S. Y. Kim, C. Lau, et al., “Maternal obesity and risk of stillbirth: a metaanalysis,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 197, no. 3, pp. 223–228, 2007.
  12. M. F. Sewell, L. Huston-Presley, D. M. Super, and P. Catalano, “Increased neonatal fat mass, not lean body mass, is associated with maternal obesity,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 195, no. 4, pp. 1100–1103, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. S. Crane, M. A. Wojtowycz, T. D. Dye, R. H. Aubry, and R. Artal, “Association between pre-pregnancy obesity and the risk of cesarean delivery,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 213–216, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Vahratian, J. Zhang, J. F. Troendle, D. A. Savitz, and A. M. Siega-Riz, “Maternal prepregnancy overweight and obesity and the pattern of labor progression in term nulliparous women,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 104, no. 5 I, pp. 943–951, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. M. Lynch, D. J. Sexton, M. Hession, and J. J. Morrison, “Obesity and mode of delivery in primigravid and multigravid women,” American Journal of Perinatology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 163–167, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Arrowsmith, S. Wray, and S. Quenby, “Maternal obesity and labour complications following induction of labour in prolonged pregnancy,” An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 578–588, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. S. Usha Kiran, S. Hemmadi, J. Bethel, and J. Evans, “Outcome of pregnancy in a woman with an increased body mass index,” An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 768–772, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Hospital Episode Statistics, NHS Information Centre, “Table 30: median birth weight (grams) of live born singleton and multiple deliveries by gestation,” 2006.
  19. T. Henriksen, “The macrosomic fetus: a challenge in current obstetrics,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 134–145, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus