Table 2: Effect of gentamicin and ursolic acid on serum urea, uric acid, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen levels.

ParametersControl groupGentamicin groupUrsolic acid
2 mg/kg
Ursolic acid 
5 mg/kg
Ursolic acid
10 mg/kg

Serum urea (mg/dL) 4 1 . 1 7 ± 0 . 7 0 3 1 6 2 . 3 3 ± 9 . 9 2 2 1 3 7 . 8 3 ± 4 . 6 4 3 9 9 ± 2 . 6 4 6 4 1 . 3 3 ± 2 . 6 9 2
Serum uric acid (mg/dL) 1 . 6 2 ± 0 . 3 0 5 3 . 1 3 ± 0 . 1 2 3 2 . 4 2 ± 0 . 1 0 8 1 . 5 7 ± 0 . 1 2 8 1 . 3 2 ± 0 . 1 4
Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) 0 . 5 8 ± 0 . 0 7 5 6 . 8 5 ± 0 . 3 4 8 5 . 6 3 ± 0 . 3 9 0 2 . 4 2 ± 0 . 2 9 5 0 . 9 2 ± 0 . 0 5 4
Blood urea nitrogen levels (mg/dL) 1 9 . 2 4 ± 0 . 3 2 9 7 5 . 8 6 ± 4 . 6 3 6 6 4 . 4 1 ± 2 . 1 7 4 6 . 2 6 ± 1 . 2 3 6 1 9 . 3 1 ± 1 . 2 5 8

Values are mean ± SEM.
𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 when compared to the normal control.
𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 when compared to gentamicin induced nontreated disease control.