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ISRN Pharmacology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 147238, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/147238
Clinical Study

Pharmacokinetics of Caffeine following a Single Administration of Coffee Enema versus Oral Coffee Consumption in Healthy Male Subjects

1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
2Center of Thai Traditional and Complementary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3Phisaleeh Hospital, Nakhon Sawan 60220, Thailand
4Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand

Received 8 January 2013; Accepted 30 January 2013

Academic Editors: K. N. Klotz, T. Kumai, and T. W. Stone

Copyright © 2013 Supanimit Teekachunhatean et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [3 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Patrick Schrader, and Leah M. Panek, “Acute and chronic caffeine administration increases physical activity in se dentary adults,” Nutrition Research, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 457–463, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Justyna Godos, Francesca Romana Pluchinotta, Stefano Marventano, Silvio Buscemi, Giovanni Li Volti, Fabio Galvano, and Giuseppe Grosso, “Coffee components and cardiovascular risk: beneficial and detrimental effects,” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, pp. 1–12, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sara Martínez-López, Beatriz Sarriá, Gema Baeza, Raquel Mateos, and Laura Bravo-Clemente, “Pharmacokinetics of caffeine and its metabolites in plasma and urine after consuming a soluble green/roasted coffee blend by healthy subjects,” Food Research International, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar