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ISRN Pharmacology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 147238, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/147238
Clinical Study

Pharmacokinetics of Caffeine following a Single Administration of Coffee Enema versus Oral Coffee Consumption in Healthy Male Subjects

1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
2Center of Thai Traditional and Complementary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3Phisaleeh Hospital, Nakhon Sawan 60220, Thailand
4Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand

Received 8 January 2013; Accepted 30 January 2013

Academic Editors: K. N. Klotz, T. Kumai, and T. W. Stone

Copyright © 2013 Supanimit Teekachunhatean et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Supanimit Teekachunhatean, Nisanuch Tosri, Noppamas Rojanasthien, Somdet Srichairatanakool, and Chaichan Sangdee, “Pharmacokinetics of Caffeine following a Single Administration of Coffee Enema versus Oral Coffee Consumption in Healthy Male Subjects,” ISRN Pharmacology, vol. 2013, Article ID 147238, 7 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/147238