Table 1: Comparison of participant characteristics by race.

White females ( 𝑛 = 1 6 3 )Black females ( 𝑛 = 7 5 7 ) 𝑃 value

Demographic characteristics
 Age (Standard deviation, SD)29.9 (0.11)30.1 (0.05)0.12
 Years of education10.89 (0.16)12.87 (0.13)0.0001
 Percentage with college degree3%14%0.0001
 Number of assets3.17 (0.17))2.48 (0.08)0.0002
 Average family income$35,638 (2594)$31,807 (1088)0.18
 Average personal income$12, 325 (1018)$16,010 (500)0.0013
 Number of children1.55(0.09)1.49 (0.05)0.54
 Percentage married59%27%0.0001
 Age at first child’s birth21.19 (0.33)21.19 (0.16)0.99
 Percent below poverty level28%33%0.216
Health characteristics
 BMI26.51(0.48)26.82 (0.22)0.56
 Percent current smoker52%42%0.015
 Percent current drinker85%84%0.871
 Percent with very good/excellent self-reported health53%56%0.026
Adult neighborhood characteristics
 Median household income$37,578 (1211)$28,655 (451)0.0001
 Percent african american8%72%0.0001
 Percent poor neighborhood25%58%0.0001
 Percent reporting crime concerns25%36%0.010
Psychological characteristics
 Total GHQ-28 score4.42 (0.38)3.12 (0.16)0.002
 Mean GHQ depression score0.57 (0.095)0.25 (0.03)0.001
 Mean GHQ anxiety score1.80 (0.17)1.22 (.068)0.002