Table 3: Comparison of participant characteristics by depression status.

Depression scale < 4 ( 𝑛 = 9 4 3 )Depression scale ≥ 4 ( 𝑛 = 4 3 ) 𝑃 value

Demographic characteristics
 Age (Standard deviation, SD)30.11 (1.49)29.78 (1.44)0.27
 Years of education12.56 (3.52)10.92 (2.47)0.02
 Percentage with college degree 12.8300.012
 Number of assets2.67 (2.17)0.76 (1.45)<0.0001
 Average family income$32,633 (22945)$21,300 (14614)0.14
 Average personal income15,482 (12238)8591 (10719)0.02
 Number of children1.50 (1.31)1.72 (1.4)0.42
 Percentage married 33.62 8.000.007
 Age at first child’s birth21.23 (3.83)18.70 (2.63)0.006
 Percent black 82.6174.420.169
Health characteristics
 BMI26.41 (6.01)29.15 (10.07)0.03
 Percent current smoker84.281000.061
 Percent current drinker44.0064.00.047
 Percent with very good/excellent self-reported health56.5424.00<0.001
Adult neighborhood characteristics
 Median household income30,045 (12492)24594 (10335)0.043
 Percent african american62.32 (37.07)58.61 (44.12)0.65
 Percent poor neighborhood53.1968.180.164
 Percent reporting crime concerns33.3052.170.059
Psychological characteristics
 Total GHQ-28 score3.0 (4.03)17 (4.43)<0.001