Table 4: Unconditional multivariable logistic regression model of the effect of race/ethnicity on diabetes mellitus prevalence in a large sample of community-based United States residents.

VariablesPrevalence odds ratio95% confidence interval 𝑝 value

Race
 Non-Hispanic whites1.00ReferenceReference
 Non-Hispanic blacks1.301.15–1.47<0.001
 Hispanics1.130.99–1.280.06
Family income
 ≤$20,0001.00ReferenceReference
 >$20,0000.660.60–0.73<0.001
Education
 <High school1.00ReferenceReference
 High school0.920.83–1.020.120
 Some college0.630.54–0.74<0.001
 ≥Bachelor’s degree0.710.59–0.870.001
Age
 ≤50 years1.00ReferenceReference
 >50 years6.135.36–7.01<0.001
Body mass index
 Underweight1.00ReferenceReference
 Normal weight0.870.58–1.310.510
 Overweight1.611.08–2.410.020
 Obese3.902.61–5.82<0.001
Smoking
 No1.00ReferenceReference
 Yes1.301.19–1.43<0.001
Alcohol
 No1.00ReferenceReference
 Yes1.241.12–1.38<0.001
Physical activities
 No1.00ReferenceReference
 Yes0.950.85–1.060.34
Marital status
 Nonmarried1.00ReferenceReference
 Married0.970.89–1.070.610