Table 1: Description of the study samples, before and after the ASK campaign, 𝑛 = 1 , 6 0 0 .

Intervention cityControl city
BeforeAfterBeforeAfter

Female47%50%47%60%
Attended or completed college83%86%78%74%
White, non-Hispanic92%93%81%69%
Age, y, M (SD)41.7 (6)41.9 (6)40.7 (7)38.4 (8)
Married/cohabitating*94%93%88%84%
Firearms in the home25%26%24%22%

Note. There were 400 respondents in each group. Within the control city, there were statistically significant differences in gender, educational attainment, race/ethnicity, age, and marital status in the pre- versus post-campaign samples ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ).
*Compared to people who are not married and who are not living with an intimate partner, that is, including those who are single, separated, divorced, or widowed.