Table 3: Parameters linked with presence or not of EMDs.

Esophageal motor disorders
Presence ( 𝑛 = 1 5 7 )Absence ( 𝑛 = 3 7 ) 𝑃

Mean age (years)40.7 ± 13.539.4 ± 13.50.59
Male/female18/1396/310.6
Limited/diffuse form125/3233/40.17
Duration of the disease (years)6.8 ± 7.26.2 ± 7.90.65
Esophageal symptoms109 (69.4%)9 (24.3%)<0.001
Reflux esophagitis70 (44.6%)3 (8%)<0.001