Table 4: Laboratory tests for the assessment of men with osteoporosis [2, 6].

(A) Tests to exclude secondary causes of bone loss
(i) Complete blood count
(ii) Serum calcium
(iii) Albumin
(iv) Liver transaminases
(v) Serum creatinine and calculated creatinine clearance
(vi) Alkaline phosphatise
(vii) Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
(viii) Testosterone-total, as well as free or bioavailable

(B) Additional tests, as suggested by results of clinical evaluation
(i) Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
(ii) Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD)
(iii) Serum immunoelectrophoresis
(iv) Celiac antibody testing: gliadin, endomyseal, tissue transglutaminase
(v) 24-hour urine: calcium
(vi) 24-hour urine: free cortisol